Crystal structure of Haemophilus influenzae NadR protein. A bifunctional enzyme endowed with NMN adenyltransferase and ribosylnicotinimide kinase activities.Singh, S.K., Kurnasov, O.V., Chen, B., Robinson, H., Grishin, N.V., Osterman, A.L., Zhang, H.
(2002) J.Biol.Chem. 277: 33291-33299
- PubMed: 12068016
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M204368200
- PubMed Abstract:
Haemophilus influenzae NadR protein (hiNadR) has been shown to be a bifunctional enzyme possessing both NMN adenylytransferase (NMNAT; EC ) and ribosylnicotinamide kinase (RNK; EC ) activities. Its function is essential for the growth and survival of ...
Haemophilus influenzae NadR protein (hiNadR) has been shown to be a bifunctional enzyme possessing both NMN adenylytransferase (NMNAT; EC ) and ribosylnicotinamide kinase (RNK; EC ) activities. Its function is essential for the growth and survival of H. influenzae and thus may present a new highly specific anti-infectious drug target. We have solved the crystal structure of hiNadR complexed with NAD using the selenomethionine MAD phasing method. The structure reveals the presence of two distinct domains. The N-terminal domain that hosts the NMNAT activity is closely related to archaeal NMNAT, whereas the C-terminal domain, which has been experimentally demonstrated to possess ribosylnicotinamide kinase activity, is structurally similar to yeast thymidylate kinase and several other P-loop-containing kinases. There appears to be no cross-talk between the two active sites. The bound NAD at the active site of the NMNAT domain reveals several critical interactions between NAD and the protein. There is also a second non-active-site NAD molecule associated with the C-terminal RNK domain that adopts a highly folded conformation with the nicotinamide ring stacking over the adenine base. Whereas the RNK domain of the hiNadR structure presented here is the first structural characterization of a ribosylnicotinamide kinase from any organism, the NMNAT domain of hiNadR defines yet another member of the pyridine nucleotide adenylyltransferase family.
Department of Biochemistry and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA.