1LQ0

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN CHITOTRIOSIDASE AT 2.2 ANGSTROM RESOLUTION


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of human chitotriosidase. Implications for specific inhibitor design and function of mammalian chitinase-like lectins

Fusetti, F.Von Moeller, H.Houston, D.Rozeboom, H.J.Dijkstra, B.W.Boot, R.G.Aerts, J.M.Van Aalten, D.M.

(2002) J.Biol.Chem. 277: 25537-25544

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M201636200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Chitin hydrolases have been identified in a variety of organisms ranging from bacteria to eukaryotes. They have been proposed to be possible targets for the design of novel chemotherapeutics against human pathogens such as fungi and protozoan parasit ...

    Chitin hydrolases have been identified in a variety of organisms ranging from bacteria to eukaryotes. They have been proposed to be possible targets for the design of novel chemotherapeutics against human pathogens such as fungi and protozoan parasites as mammals were not thought to possess chitin-processing enzymes. Recently, a human chitotriosidase was described as a marker for Gaucher disease with plasma levels of the enzyme elevated up to 2 orders of magnitude. The chitotriosidase was shown to be active against colloidal chitin and is inhibited by the family 18 chitinase inhibitor allosamidin. Here, the crystal structure of the human chitotriosidase and complexes with a chitooligosaccharide and allosamidin are described. The structures reveal an elongated active site cleft, compatible with the binding of long chitin polymers, and explain the inactivation of the enzyme through an inherited genetic deficiency. Comparison with YM1 and HCgp-39 shows how the chitinase has evolved into these mammalian lectins by the mutation of key residues in the active site, tuning the substrate binding specificity. The soaking experiments with allosamidin and chitooligosaccharides give insight into ligand binding properties and allow the evaluation of differential binding and design of species-selective chitinase inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Biophysical Chemistry, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CHITOTRIOSIDASE
A
365Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CHIT1
EC: 3.2.1.14
Find proteins for Q13231 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CHIT1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q13231
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 93.450α = 90.00
b = 93.450β = 90.00
c = 89.620γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-07-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance