1L9S

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE I257T VARIANT OF THE COPPER-CONTAINING NITRITE REDUCTASE FROM ALCALIGENES FAECALIS S-6


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.78 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.157 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Directing the mode of nitrite binding to a copper-containing nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6: Characterization of an active site isoleucine

Boulanger, M.J.Murphy, M.E.P.

(2003) Protein Sci 12: 248-256

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.0224503
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1L9T, 1L9S, 1L9R, 1L9Q, 1L9P, 1L9O

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Unlike the heme cd(1)-based nitrite reductase enzymes, the molecular mechanism of copper-containing nitrite reductases remains controversial. A key source of controversy is the productive binding mode of nitrite in the active site. To identify and characterize the molecular determinants associated with nitrite binding, we applied a combinatorial mutagenesis approach to generate a small library of six variants at position 257 in nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6 ...

    Unlike the heme cd(1)-based nitrite reductase enzymes, the molecular mechanism of copper-containing nitrite reductases remains controversial. A key source of controversy is the productive binding mode of nitrite in the active site. To identify and characterize the molecular determinants associated with nitrite binding, we applied a combinatorial mutagenesis approach to generate a small library of six variants at position 257 in nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6. The activities of these six variants span nearly two orders of magnitude with one variant, I257V, the only observed natural substitution for Ile257, showing greater activity than the native enzyme. High-resolution (> 1.8 A) nitrite-soaked crystal structures of these variants display different modes of nitrite binding that correlate well with the altered activities. These studies identify for the first time that the highly conserved Ile257 in the native enzyme is a key molecular determinant in directing a catalytically competent mode of nitrite binding in the active site. The O-coordinate bidentate binding mode of nitrite observed in native and mutant forms with high activity supports a catalytic model distinct from the heme cd(1) NiRs. (The atomic coordinates for I257V[NO(2)(-)], I257L[NO(2)(-)], I257A[NO(2)(-)], I257T[NO(2)(-)], I257M[NO(2)(-)] and I257G[NO(2)(-)] AfNiR have been deposited in the Protein Data Bank [PDB identification codes are listed in Table 2].)


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
COPPER-CONTAINING NITRITE REDUCTASEA, B, C341Alcaligenes faecalisMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: nirKnir
EC: 1.7.99.3 (PDB Primary Data), 1.7.2.1 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P38501 (Alcaligenes faecalis)
Explore P38501 
Go to UniProtKB:  P38501
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.78 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.157 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 61.48α = 90
b = 102.03β = 90
c = 146.06γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-02-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance