Structural basis and specificity of acyl-homoserine lactone signal production in bacterial quorum sensing.Watson, W.T., Minogue, T.D., Val, D.L., von Bodman, S.B., Churchill, M.E.
(2002) Mol Cell 9: 685-694
- PubMed: 11931774
- DOI: 10.1016/s1097-2765(02)00480-x
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Crystallization and Rhenium MAD Phasing of the Acyl-homoserinelactone Synthase EsaI
Watson, W.T., Murphy IV, F.V., Gould, T.A., Jambeck, P., Val, D.L., Cronan JR., J.E., Beck von Bodman, S., Churchill, M.E.A.
(2001) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 57: 1945
Synthesis and detection of acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) enables many gram-negative bacteria to engage in quorum sensing, an intercellular signaling mechanism that activates differentiation to virulent and biofilm lifestyles. The AHL synthases cata ...
Synthesis and detection of acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) enables many gram-negative bacteria to engage in quorum sensing, an intercellular signaling mechanism that activates differentiation to virulent and biofilm lifestyles. The AHL synthases catalyze acylation of S-adenosyl-L-methionine by acyl-acyl carrier protein and lactonization of the methionine moiety to give AHLs. The crystal structure of the AHL synthase, EsaI, determined at 1.8 A resolution, reveals a remarkable structural similarity to the N-acetyltransferases and defines a common phosphopantetheine binding fold as the catalytic core. Critical residues responsible for catalysis and acyl chain specificity have been identified from a modeled substrate complex and verified through functional analysis in vivo. A mechanism for the N-acylation of S-adenosyl-L-methionine by 3-oxo-hexanoyl-acyl carrier protein is proposed.
Department of Pharmacology, The University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 4200 E. Ninth Avenue, Denver, CO 80262, USA.