The Solution Structure of Acyl Carrier Protein from Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 320 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

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The solution structure of acyl carrier protein from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Wong, H.C.Liu, G.Zhang, Y.M.Rock, C.O.Zheng, J.

(2002) J Biol Chem 277: 15874-15880

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M112300200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Acyl carrier protein (ACP) performs the essential function of shuttling the intermediates between the enzymes that constitute the type II fatty acid synthase system. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is unique in producing extremely long mycolic acids, and tubercular ACP, AcpM, is also unique in possessing a longer carboxyl terminus than other ACPs. We determined the solution structure of AcpM using protein NMR spectroscopy to define the similarities and differences between AcpM and the typical structures. The amino-terminal region of the structure is well defined and consists of four helices arranged in a right-handed bundle held together by interhelical hydrophobic interactions similar to the structures of other bacterial ACPs. The unique carboxyl-terminal extension from helix IV has a "melted down" feature, and the end of the molecule is a random coil. A comparison of the apo- and holo-forms of AcpM revealed that the 4'-phosphopantetheine group oscillates between two states; in one it is bound to a hydrophobic groove on the surface of AcpM, and in another it is solvent-exposed. The similarity between AcpM and other ACPs reveals the conserved structural motif that is recognized by all type II enzymes. However, the function of the coil domain extending from helix IV to the carboxyl terminus remains enigmatic, but its structural characteristics suggest that it may interact with the very long chain intermediates in mycolic acid biosynthesis or control specific protein-protein interactions.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
MEROMYCOLATE EXTENSION ACYL CARRIER PROTEIN115Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37RvMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: acpMRv2244MTCY427.25
Find proteins for P9WQF3 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Explore P9WQF3 
Go to UniProtKB:  P9WQF3
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP9WQF3
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 320 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-06-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance