1KJR

Crystal Structure of the human galectin-3 CRD in complex with a 3'-derivative of N-Acetyllactosamine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Structural and thermodynamic studies on cation-Pi interactions in lectin-ligand complexes: high-affinity galectin-3 inhibitors through fine-tuning of an arginine-arene interaction.

Sorme, P.Arnoux, P.Kahl-Knutsson, B.Leffler, H.Rini, J.M.Nilsson, U.J.

(2005) J Am Chem Soc 127: 1737-1743

  • DOI: 10.1021/ja043475p
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1KJL, 1KJR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The high-resolution X-ray crystal structures of the carbohydrate recognition domain of human galectin-3 were solved in complex with N-acetyllactosamine (LacNAc) and the high-affinity inhibitor, methyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-4-O-(3-deoxy-3-[4-methoxy-2,3 ...

    The high-resolution X-ray crystal structures of the carbohydrate recognition domain of human galectin-3 were solved in complex with N-acetyllactosamine (LacNAc) and the high-affinity inhibitor, methyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-4-O-(3-deoxy-3-[4-methoxy-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorobenzamido]-beta-D-galactopyranose)-beta-D-glucopyranoside, to gain insight into the basis for the affinity-enhancing effect of the 4-methoxy-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorobenzamido moiety. The structures show that the side chain of Arg144 stacks against the aromatic moiety of the inhibitor, an interaction made possible by a reorientation of the side chain relative to that seen in the LacNAc complex. Based on these structures, synthesis of second generation LacNAc derivatives carrying aromatic amides at 3'-C, followed by screening with a novel fluorescence polarization assay, has led to the identification of inhibitors with further enhanced affinity for galectin-3 (K(d) > or = 320 nM). The thermodynamic parameters describing the binding of the galectin-3 C-terminal to selected inhibitors were determined by isothermal titration calorimetry and showed that the affinity enhancements were due to favorable enthalpic contributions. These enhancements could be rationalized by the combined effects of the inhibitor aromatic structure on a cation-Pi interaction and of direct interactions between the aromatic substituents and the protein. The results demonstrate that protein-ligand interactions can be significantly enhanced by the fine-tuning of arginine-arene interactions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry, Lund University, P. O. Box 124, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Galectin-3A146Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LGALS3MAC2
Find proteins for P17931 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P17931 
Go to UniProtKB:  P17931
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P17931
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-galactopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
B
2 N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BEK
Query on BEK

Download CCD File 
A
2,3,5,6-TETRAFLUORO-4-METHOXY-BENZAMIDE
C8 H5 F4 N O2
JTXPTSGPUNTKSM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 37.6α = 90
b = 58.4β = 90
c = 64γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-04-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary