1JWX

Chalcone Synthase--F215S mutant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.63 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Expanding the biosynthetic repertoire of plant type III polyketide synthases by altering starter molecule specificity.

Jez, J.M.Bowman, M.E.Noel, J.P.

(2002) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99: 5319-5324

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.082590499
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Type III polyketide synthases (PKS) generate an array of natural products by condensing multiple acetyl units derived from malonyl-CoA to thioester-linked starter molecules covalently bound in the PKS active site. One strategy adopted by Nature for increasing the functional diversity of these biosynthetic enzymes involves modifying polyketide assembly by altering the preference for starter molecules ...

    Type III polyketide synthases (PKS) generate an array of natural products by condensing multiple acetyl units derived from malonyl-CoA to thioester-linked starter molecules covalently bound in the PKS active site. One strategy adopted by Nature for increasing the functional diversity of these biosynthetic enzymes involves modifying polyketide assembly by altering the preference for starter molecules. Chalcone synthase (CHS) is a ubiquitous plant PKS and the first type III PKS described functionally and structurally. Guided by the three-dimensional structure of CHS, Phe-215 and Phe-265, which are situated at the active site entrance, were targeted for site-directed mutagenesis to diversify CHS activity. The resulting mutants were screened against a panel of aliphatic and aromatic CoA-linked starter molecules to evaluate the degree of starter molecule specificity in CHS. Although wild-type CHS accepts a number of natural CoA thioesters, it does not use N-methylanthraniloyl-CoA as a substrate. Substitution of Phe-215 by serine yields a CHS mutant that preferentially accepts this CoA-thioester substrate to generate a novel alkaloid, namely N-methylanthraniloyltriacetic acid lactone. These results demonstrate that a point mutation in CHS dramatically shifts the molecular selectivity of this enzyme. This structure-based approach to metabolic redesign represents an initial step toward tailoring the biosynthetic activity of plant type III PKS.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CHALCONE SYNTHASE 2A389Medicago sativaMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: CHS2
EC: 2.3.1.74
Find proteins for P30074 (Medicago sativa)
Explore P30074 
Go to UniProtKB:  P30074
Protein Feature View
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CSD
Query on CSD
AL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H7 N O4 SCYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.63 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 97.805α = 90
b = 97.805β = 90
c = 65.726γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-07-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance