1JJF

STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR THE SUBSTRATE SPECIFICITY OF THE FERULOYL ESTERASE DOMAIN OF THE CELLULOSOMAL XYLANASE Z OF CLOSTRIDIUM THERMOCELLUM


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for the substrate specificity of the feruloyl esterase domain of the cellulosomal xylanase Z from Clostridium thermocellum.

Schubot, F.D.Kataeva, I.A.Blum, D.L.Shah, A.K.Ljungdahl, L.G.Rose, J.P.Wang, B.C.

(2001) Biochemistry 40: 12524-12532

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi011391c
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1JJF, 1JT2

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Feruloyl esterases function in the cleavage of ferulic acid's bonds to arabinoxylan and pectin where the ferulic acid moieties cross-link the layers of polysaccharide chains within hemicellulose. This work presents the crystal structure of FAE_XynZ, the domain of Clostridium thermocellum's cellulosomal xylanase Z that displays feruloyl esterase activity ...

    Feruloyl esterases function in the cleavage of ferulic acid's bonds to arabinoxylan and pectin where the ferulic acid moieties cross-link the layers of polysaccharide chains within hemicellulose. This work presents the crystal structure of FAE_XynZ, the domain of Clostridium thermocellum's cellulosomal xylanase Z that displays feruloyl esterase activity. The structure was obtained via multiple isomorphous replacement with anomalous scattering (MIRAS) using three heavy atom derivatives and refined against X-ray diffraction data of up to 1.75 A resolution. The R-value of the final model was 0.187 (R(free) = 0.21). FAE_XynZ displays an eight-stranded alpha/beta-fold with the characteristic "catalytic triad" at the heart of the active site. To define the substrate specificity determinants of the enzyme, the crystal structures of FAE_XynZ and the inactive FAE_XynZ(S172A) mutant were determined in complexes with the feruloyl-arabinoxylans FAXX and FAX(3), respectively. In the complex crystals, the ferulic acid moieties are clearly recognizable and allowed identification of the hydrophobic binding pocket. The carbohydrate part of both substrates is not visible in either structure. The location of the putative carbohydrate binding-pocket was inferred based on the location and orientation of the adjacent ferulic acid molecule. Five of the six residues lining the pocket were found to be conserved in FAE A from Orpinomyces sp., which further supports the proposed role of these amino acids.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ENDO-1,4-BETA-XYLANASE Z A268Acetivibrio thermocellusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: xynZ
EC: 3.2.1.8
Find proteins for P10478 (Hungateiclostridium thermocellum (strain ATCC 27405 / DSM 1237 / JCM 9322 / NBRC 103400 / NCIMB 10682 / NRRL B-4536 / VPI 7372))
Explore P10478 
Go to UniProtKB:  P10478
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PT
Query on PT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
PLATINUM (II) ION
Pt
HRGDZIGMBDGFTC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 43.293α = 90
b = 63.652β = 90
c = 79.777γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLOMONphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2001-10-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance