Structures of Aquifex aeolicus KDO8P synthase in complex with R5P and PEP, and with a bisubstrate inhibitor: role of active site water in catalysis.Wang, J., Duewel, H.S., Woodard, R.W., Gatti, D.L.
(2001) Biochemistry 40: 15676-15683
- PubMed: 11747443
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bi015568e
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
We have determined the crystal structures of the metalloenzyme 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate 8-phosphate (KDO8P) synthase from Aquifex aeolicus in complex with phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) and ribose 5-phosphate (R5P), and with a bisubstrate inhibitor that mimics the postulated linear reaction intermediate. R5P, which is not a substrate for KDO8P synthase, binds in a manner similar to that of arabinose 5-phosphate (A5P), which is the natural substrate. The lack of reactivity of R5P appears to be primarily a consequence of the loss of a water molecule coordinated to Cd(2+) and located on the si side of PEP. This water molecule is no longer present because it cannot form a hydrogen bond with C2-OH(R5P), which is oriented in a different direction from C2-OH(A5P). The bisubstrate inhibitor binds with its phosphate and phosphonate moieties occupying the positions of the phosphate groups of A5P and PEP, respectively. One of the inhibitor hydroxyls replaces water as a ligand of Cd(2+). The current work supports a mechanism for the synthesis of KDO8P, in which a hydroxide ion on the si side of PEP attacks C2(PEP), forming a tetrahedral-like intermediate with a buildup of negative charge at C3(PEP). The ensuing condensation of C3(PEP) with C1(A5P) would be favored by a proton transfer from the phosphate moiety of PEP to the aldehyde carbonyl of A5P to generate the hydroxyl. Overall, the process can be described as a syn addition of water and A5P to the si side of PEP.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA.