1IQR

Crystal structure of DNA photolyase from Thermus thermophilus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.214 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of thermostable DNA photolyase: pyrimidine-dimer recognition mechanism.

Komori, H.Masui, R.Kuramitsu, S.Yokoyama, S.Shibata, T.Inoue, Y.Miki, K.

(2001) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98: 13560-13565

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.241371398
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1IQU, 1IQR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • DNA photolyase is a pyrimidine-dimer repair enzyme that uses visible light. Photolyase generally contains two chromophore cofactors. One is a catalytic cofactor directly contributing to the repair of a pyrimidine-dimer. The other is a light-harvesting co ...

    DNA photolyase is a pyrimidine-dimer repair enzyme that uses visible light. Photolyase generally contains two chromophore cofactors. One is a catalytic cofactor directly contributing to the repair of a pyrimidine-dimer. The other is a light-harvesting cofactor, which absorbs visible light and transfers energy to the catalytic cofactor. Photolyases are classified according to their second cofactor into either a folate- or deazaflavin-type. The native structures of both types of photolyases have already been determined, but the mechanism of substrate recognition remains largely unclear because of the lack of structural information regarding the photolyase-substrate complex. Photolyase from Thermus thermophilus, the first thermostable class I photolyase found, is favorable for function analysis, but even the type of the second cofactor has not been identified. Here, we report the crystal structures of T. thermophilus photolyase in both forms of the native enzyme and the complex along with a part of its substrate, thymine. A structural comparison with other photolyases suggests that T. thermophilus photolyase has structural features allowing for thermostability and that its light-harvesting cofactor binding site bears a close resemblance to a deazaflavin-type photolyase. One thymine base is found at the hole, a putative substrate-binding site near the catalytic cofactor in the complex form. This structural data for the photolyase-thymine complex allow us to propose a detailed model for the pyrimidine-dimer recognition mechanism.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
photolyase A420Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 4.1.99.3
Find proteins for P61497 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Explore P61497 
Go to UniProtKB:  P61497
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.214 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 
  • Space Group: P 61 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 112.89α = 90
b = 112.89β = 90
c = 142.635γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MLPHAREphasing
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-11-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance