The structure of the two amino-terminal domains of human ICAM-1 suggests how it functions as a rhinovirus receptor and as an LFA-1 integrin ligand.Bella, J., Kolatkar, P.R., Marlor, C.W., Greve, J.M., Rossmann, M.G.
(1998) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 95: 4140-4145
- PubMed: 9539703
- DOI: 10.1073/pnas.95.8.4140
- PubMed Abstract:
- The Major Human Rhinovirus Receptor is Icam-1
Greve, J.M.,Davis, G.,Meyer, A.M.,Forte, C.P.,Yost, S.C.,Marlor, C.W.,Kamarck, M.E.,Mcclelland, A.
(1989) Cell 56: 839
- Structure of a Human Rhinovirus Complexed with its Receptor Molecule
Olson, N.H.,Kolatkar, P.R.,Oliveira, M.A.,Cheng, R.H.,Greve, J.M.,Mcclelland, A.,Baker, T.S.,Rossmann, M.G.
(1993) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 90: 507
The normal function of human intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is to provide adhesion between endothelial cells and leukocytes after injury or stress. ICAM-1 binds to leukocyte function-associated antigen (LFA-1) or macrophage-1 antigen (Mac ...
The normal function of human intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is to provide adhesion between endothelial cells and leukocytes after injury or stress. ICAM-1 binds to leukocyte function-associated antigen (LFA-1) or macrophage-1 antigen (Mac-1). However, ICAM-1 is also used as a receptor by the major group of human rhinoviruses and is a catalyst for the subsequent viral uncoating during cell entry. The three-dimensional atomic structure of the two amino-terminal domains (D1 and D2) of ICAM-1 has been determined to 2.2-A resolution and fitted into a cryoelectron microscopy reconstruction of a rhinovirus-ICAM-1 complex. Rhinovirus attachment is confined to the BC, CD, DE, and FG loops of the amino-terminal Ig-like domain (D1) at the end distal to the cellular membrane. The loops are considerably different in structure to those of human ICAM-2 or murine ICAM-1, which do not bind rhinoviruses. There are extensive charge interactions between ICAM-1 and human rhinoviruses, which are mostly conserved in both major and minor receptor groups of rhinoviruses. The interaction of ICAMs with LFA-1 is known to be mediated by a divalent cation bound to the insertion (I)-domain on the alpha chain of LFA-1 and the carboxyl group of a conserved glutamic acid residue on ICAMs. Domain D1 has been docked with the known structure of the I-domain. The resultant model is consistent with mutational data and provides a structural framework for the adhesion between these molecules.
Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1392, USA.