1H68

sensory rhodopsin II


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.237 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.237 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

X-Ray Structure of Sensory Rhodopsin II at 2.1 A Resolution

Royant, A.Nollert, P.Edman, K.Neutze, R.Landau, E.M.Pebay-Peyroula, E.Navarro, J.

(2001) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98: 10131

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.181203898
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1H68

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Sensory rhodopsins (SRs) belong to a subfamily of heptahelical transmembrane proteins containing a retinal chromophore. These photoreceptors mediate the cascade of vision in animal eyes and phototaxis in archaebacteria and unicellular flagellated algae. Signal transduction by these photoreceptors occurs by means of transducer proteins ...

    Sensory rhodopsins (SRs) belong to a subfamily of heptahelical transmembrane proteins containing a retinal chromophore. These photoreceptors mediate the cascade of vision in animal eyes and phototaxis in archaebacteria and unicellular flagellated algae. Signal transduction by these photoreceptors occurs by means of transducer proteins. The two archaebacterial sensory rhodopsins SRI and SRII are coupled to the membrane-bound HtrI and HtrII transducer proteins. Activation of these proteins initiates phosphorylation cascades that modulate the flagellar motors, resulting in either attractant (SRI) or repellent (SRII) phototaxis. In addition, transducer-free SRI and SRII were shown to operate as proton pumps, analogous to bacteriorhodopsin. Here, we present the x-ray structure of SRII from Natronobacterium pharaonis (pSRII) at 2.1-A resolution, revealing a unique molecular architecture of the retinal-binding pocket. In particular, the structure of pSRII exhibits a largely unbent conformation of the retinal (as compared with bacteriorhodopsin and halorhodopsin), a hydroxyl group of Thr-204 in the vicinity of the Schiff base, and an outward orientation of the guanidinium group of Arg-72. Furthermore, the structure reveals a putative chloride ion that is coupled to the Schiff base by means of a hydrogen-bond network and a unique, positively charged surface patch for a probable interaction with HtrII. The high-resolution structure of pSRII provides a structural basis to elucidate the mechanisms of phototransduction and color tuning.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut de Biologie Structurale, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5075 Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Joseph Fourier, 41 Rue Jules Horowitz, F-38027 Grenoble Cedex 1, France.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
SENSORY RHODOPSIN IIA239Natronomonas pharaonisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: sop2sopII
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt
Find proteins for P42196 (Natronomonas pharaonis)
Explore P42196 
Go to UniProtKB:  P42196
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
RET
Query on RET

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]RETINAL
C20 H28 O
NCYCYZXNIZJOKI-OVSJKPMPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.237 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.237 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 84.83α = 90
b = 128.74β = 90
c = 50.74γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2001-08-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance