1GQS

ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE (E.C. 3.1.1.7) COMPLEXED WITH NAP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Kinetic and Structural Studies on the Interaction of Cholinesterases with the Anti-Alzheimer Drug Rivastigmine

Bar-on, P.Millard, C.B.Harel, M.Dvir, H.Enz, A.Sussman, J.L.Silman, I.

(2002) Biochemistry 41: 3555

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi020016x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1GQR, 1GQS

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Rivastigmine, a carbamate inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase, is already in use for treatment of Alzheimer's disease under the trade name of Exelon. Rivastigmine carbamylates Torpedo californica acetylcholinesterase very slowly (k(i) = 2.0 M(-1) min(-1)), whereas the bimolecular rate constant for inhibition of human acetylcholinesterase is >1600-fold higher (k(i) = 3300 M(-1) min(-1)) ...

    Rivastigmine, a carbamate inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase, is already in use for treatment of Alzheimer's disease under the trade name of Exelon. Rivastigmine carbamylates Torpedo californica acetylcholinesterase very slowly (k(i) = 2.0 M(-1) min(-1)), whereas the bimolecular rate constant for inhibition of human acetylcholinesterase is >1600-fold higher (k(i) = 3300 M(-1) min(-1)). For human butyrylcholinesterase and for Drosophila melanogaster acetylcholinesterase, carbamylation is even more rapid (k(i) = 9 x 10(4) and 5 x 10(5) M(-1) min(-1), respectively). Spontaneous reactivation of all four conjugates is very slow, with <10% reactivation being observed for the Torpedo enzyme after 48 h. The crystal structure of the conjugate of rivastigmine with Torpedo acetylcholinesterase was determined to 2.2 A resolution. It revealed that the carbamyl moiety is covalently linked to the active-site serine, with the leaving group, (-)-S-3-[1-(dimethylamino)ethyl]phenol, being retained in the "anionic" site. A significant movement of the active-site histidine (H440) away from its normal hydrogen-bonded partner, E327, was observed, resulting in disruption of the catalytic triad. This movement may provide an explanation for the unusually slow kinetics of reactivation.


    Related Citations: 
    • Atomic Structure of Acetylcholinesterase from Torpedo Californica: A Prototypic Acetylcholine-Binding Protein
      Sussman, J.L., Harel, M., Frolow, F., Oefner, C., Goldman, A., Toker, L., Silman, I.
      (1991) Science 253: 872

    Organizational Affiliation

    Departmentof Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ACETYLCHOLINESTERASEA532Tetronarce californicaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ache
EC: 3.1.1.7
UniProt
Find proteins for P04058 (Tetronarce californica)
Explore P04058 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04058
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A], C [auth A]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SAF (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on SAF

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]3-[(1S)-1-(DIMETHYLAMINO)ETHYL]PHENOL
C10 H15 N O
GQZXRLWUYONVCP-QMMMGPOBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
SAF PDBBind:  1GQS Ki: 500 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
BindingDB:  1GQS Ki: 700 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 111.04α = 90
b = 111.04β = 90
c = 137.227γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-03-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-09-07
    Changes: Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Other, Refinement description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Other, Structure summary