1GPA

STRUCTURAL MECHANISM FOR GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE CONTROL BY PHOSPHORYLATION AND AMP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural mechanism for glycogen phosphorylase control by phosphorylation and AMP.

Barford, D.Hu, S.H.Johnson, L.N.

(1991) J Mol Biol 218: 233-260

  • DOI: 10.1016/0022-2836(91)90887-c
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    8GPB, 7GPB, 1GPA

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structures of activated R state glycogen phosphorylase a (GPa) and R and T state glycogen phosphorylase b (GPb) complexed with AMP have been solved at 2.9 A, 2.9 A and 2.2 A resolution, respectively. The structure of R state GPa is nearly identical to the structure of sulphate-activated R state GPb, except in the region of Ser14, where there is a covalently attached phosphate group in GPa and a non-covalently attached sulphate group in GPb ...

    The crystal structures of activated R state glycogen phosphorylase a (GPa) and R and T state glycogen phosphorylase b (GPb) complexed with AMP have been solved at 2.9 A, 2.9 A and 2.2 A resolution, respectively. The structure of R state GPa is nearly identical to the structure of sulphate-activated R state GPb, except in the region of Ser14, where there is a covalently attached phosphate group in GPa and a non-covalently attached sulphate group in GPb. The contacts made by the N-terminal tail residues in R state GPa at the subunit interface of the functionally active dimer are similar to those observed previously for T state GPa. The quaternary and tertiary structural changes on the T to R transition allow these interactions to be relayed to the catalytic site in R state GPa. The transition from the T state GPb structure to the R state GPa structure results in a change in the N-terminal residues from a poorly ordered extended structure that makes intrasubunit contacts to an ordered coiled conformation that makes intersubunit contacts. The distance between Arg10, the first residue to be located from the N terminus, in R state GPa and T state GPb is 50 A. One of the important subunit-subunit interactions in the dimer molecule involves contacts between the helix alpha 2 and the cap' (residues 35' to 45' that form a loop between the 1st and 2nd alpha helices, alpha 1' and alpha 2' of the other subunit. The prime denotes residues from the other subunit). The interactions made by the N-terminal residues induce structural changes at the cap'/alpha 2 helix interface that lead to the creation of a high-affinity AMP site. The tertiary structural changes at the cap (shifts 1.2 to 2.1 A for residues 35 to 45) are partially compensated by the quaternary structural change so that the overall shifts in these residues after the combined tertiary and quaternary changes are between 0.5 and 1.3 A. AMP binds to R state GPb with at least 100-fold greater affinity and exhibits four additional hydrogen bonds, stronger ionic interactions and more extensive van der Waals' interactions with 116 A2 greater solvent accessible surface area buried compared with AMP bound to T state GPb.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)


    Related Citations: 
    • Glycogen Phosphorylase B: Description of the Protein Structure 1 1991
      Acharya, K.R., Stuart, D.I., Varvill, K.M., Johnson, L.N.
      () Glycogen Phosphorylase B: Description Of The Protein Structure --: --
    • Refined Crystal Structure of the Phosphorylase-Heptulose 2-Phosphate-Oligosaccharide-AMP Complex
      Johnson, L.N., Acharya, K.R., Jordan, M.D., Mclaughlin, P.J.
      (1990) J Mol Biol 211: 645
    • Comparison of the Binding of Glucose and Glucose-1-Phosphate Derivatives to T-State Glycogen Phosphorylase B
      Martin, J.L., Johnson, L.N., Withers, S.G.
      (1990) Biochemistry 29: 10745
    • The Allosteric Transition of Glycogen Phosphorylase
      Barford, D., Johnson, L.N.
      (1989) Nature 340: 609
    • Structural Changes in Glycogen Phosphorylase Induced by Phosphorylation
      Sprang, S.R., Acharya, K.R., Goldsmith, E.J., Stuart, D.I., Varvill, K., Fletterick, R.J., Madsen, N.B., Johnson, L.N.
      (1988) Nature 336: 215

    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, University of Oxford, U.K.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE AA, B, C, D842Oryctolagus cuniculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PYGM
EC: 2.4.1.1
UniProt
Find proteins for P00489 (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Explore P00489 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00489
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 119α = 90
b = 190β = 109.35
c = 88.2γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1992-10-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-03
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-29
    Changes: Advisory, Derived calculations, Other