Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 333 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

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This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Poneratoxin, a neurotoxin from ant venom. Structure and expression in insect cells and construction of a bio-insecticide.

Szolajska, E.Poznanski, J.Ferber, M.L.Michalik, J.Gout, E.Fender, P.Bailly, I.Dublet, B.Chroboczek, J.

(2004) Eur J Biochem 271: 2127-2136

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.2004.04128.x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Poneratoxin is a small neuropeptide found in the venom of the ant Paraponera clavata. It is stored in the venom reservoir as an inactive 25-residue peptide. Here we describe both chemically synthesized poneratoxin and poneratoxin obtained by expression in insect cells. When expressed in insect cells, poneratoxin was observed attached to cell membranes. Both synthetic and recombinant ponerotoxins were soluble below pH 4.5. The structure of synthetic poneratoxin was characterized by circular dichroism and solved by nuclear magnetic resonance. In an environment imitating a lipid bilayer, at pH within the range of insect hemolymph, synthetic poneratoxin has a V shape, with two alpha-helices connected by a beta-turn. Insect larvae were paralyzed by injection of either of the purified toxins, with the recombinant one acting faster. The recombinant toxin-producing baculovirus reduced the average survival time of the insect host by 25 h compared with unmodified virus. Mass spectrometry analysis showed that the recombinant toxin has an N-terminal 21-residue extension, possibly improving its stability and/or stabilizing the membrane-bound state. The potential use of poneratoxin for the construction of biological insecticide is discussed.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics (IBB), Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.


Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   3D Structure  

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PONERATOXIN25N/AMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P41736 (Paraponera clavata)
Explore P41736 
Go to UniProtKB:  P41736
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP41736
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 333 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-11-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2022-02-23
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.4: 2024-05-22
    Changes: Data collection