1G1A

THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF DTDP-D-GLUCOSE 4,6-DEHYDRATASE (RMLB)FROM SALMONELLA ENTERICA SEROVAR TYPHIMURIUM


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.47 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The crystal structure of dTDP-D-Glucose 4,6-dehydratase (RmlB) from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, the second enzyme in the dTDP-l-rhamnose pathway.

Allard, S.T.Giraud, M.F.Whitfield, C.Graninger, M.Messner, P.Naismith, J.H.

(2001) J.Mol.Biol. 307: 283-295

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2000.4470

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • l-Rhamnose is a 6-deoxyhexose that is found in a variety of different glycoconjugates in the cell walls of pathogenic bacteria. The precursor of l-rhamnose is dTDP-l-rhamnose, which is synthesised from glucose- 1-phosphate and deoxythymidine triphosp ...

    l-Rhamnose is a 6-deoxyhexose that is found in a variety of different glycoconjugates in the cell walls of pathogenic bacteria. The precursor of l-rhamnose is dTDP-l-rhamnose, which is synthesised from glucose- 1-phosphate and deoxythymidine triphosphate (dTTP) via a pathway requiring four enzymes. Significantly this pathway does not exist in humans and all four enzymes therefore represent potential therapeutic targets. dTDP-D-glucose 4,6-dehydratase (RmlB; EC 4.2.1.46) is the second enzyme in the dTDP-L-rhamnose biosynthetic pathway. The structure of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium RmlB had been determined to 2.47 A resolution with its cofactor NAD(+) bound. The structure has been refined to a crystallographic R-factor of 20.4 % and an R-free value of 24.9 % with good stereochemistry.RmlB functions as a homodimer with monomer association occurring principally through hydrophobic interactions via a four-helix bundle. Each monomer exhibits an alpha/beta structure that can be divided into two domains. The larger N-terminal domain binds the nucleotide cofactor NAD(+) and consists of a seven-stranded beta-sheet surrounded by alpha-helices. The smaller C-terminal domain is responsible for binding the sugar substrate dTDP-d-glucose and contains four beta-strands and six alpha-helices. The two domains meet to form a cavity in the enzyme. The highly conserved active site Tyr(167)XXXLys(171) catalytic couple and the GlyXGlyXXGly motif at the N terminus characterise RmlB as a member of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase extended family. The quaternary structure of RmlB and its similarity to a number of other closely related short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase enzymes have enabled us to propose a mechanism of catalysis for this important enzyme.


    Related Citations: 
    • The purifiaction, crystallisation and structural elucidation of dTDP-D-glucose 4,6-dehydratase (RmlB), the second enzyme of the dTDP-L-rhamnose synthesis pathway from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium.
      Allard, S.T.M.,Giraud, M.-F.,Whitfield, C.,Messner, P.,Naismith, J.H.
      (2000) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 56: 222


    Organizational Affiliation

    Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, The University, North Haugh, St Andrews Fife, KY16 9ST, Scotland.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DTDP-D-GLUCOSE 4,6-DEHYDRATASE
A, B, C, D
361Salmonella entericaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rmlB
EC: 4.2.1.46
Find proteins for Q9EU31 (Salmonella enterica)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9EU31
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
NAD
Query on NAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.47 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 110.623α = 90.00
b = 87.533β = 98.04
c = 111.304γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-03-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-10-03
    Type: Advisory, Data collection