1FIQ

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF XANTHINE OXIDASE FROM BOVINE MILK


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.275 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structures of bovine milk xanthine dehydrogenase and xanthine oxidase: structure-based mechanism of conversion.

Enroth, C.Eger, B.T.Okamoto, K.Nishino, T.Nishino, T.Pai, E.F.

(2000) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97: 10723-10728

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.97.20.10723
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Mammalian xanthine oxidoreductases, which catalyze the last two steps in the formation of urate, are synthesized as the dehydrogenase form xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) but can be readily converted to the oxidase form xanthine oxidase (XO) by oxidatio ...

    Mammalian xanthine oxidoreductases, which catalyze the last two steps in the formation of urate, are synthesized as the dehydrogenase form xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) but can be readily converted to the oxidase form xanthine oxidase (XO) by oxidation of sulfhydryl residues or by proteolysis. Here, we present the crystal structure of the dimeric (M(r), 290,000) bovine milk XDH at 2.1-A resolution and XO at 2.5-A resolution and describe the major changes that occur on the proteolytic transformation of XDH to the XO form. Each molecule is composed of an N-terminal 20-kDa domain containing two iron sulfur centers, a central 40-kDa flavin adenine dinucleotide domain, and a C-terminal 85-kDa molybdopterin-binding domain with the four redox centers aligned in an almost linear fashion. Cleavage of surface-exposed loops of XDH causes major structural rearrangement of another loop close to the flavin ring (Gln 423Lys 433). This movement partially blocks access of the NAD substrate to the flavin adenine dinucleotide cofactor and changes the electrostatic environment of the active site, reflecting the switch of substrate specificity observed for the two forms of this enzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Ontario Cancer Institute/Princess Margaret Hospital, Division of Molecular and Structural Biology, 610 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 2M9.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
XANTHINE OXIDASE
A
219Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: XDH
EC: 1.1.3.22 (PDB Primary Data), 1.17.1.4 (UniProt), 1.17.3.2 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P80457 (Bos taurus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P80457

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
XANTHINE OXIDASE
B
350Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: XDH
EC: 1.1.3.22 (PDB Primary Data), 1.17.1.4 (UniProt), 1.17.3.2 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P80457 (Bos taurus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P80457

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
XANTHINE OXIDASE
C
763Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: XDH
EC: 1.1.3.22 (PDB Primary Data), 1.17.1.4 (UniProt), 1.17.3.2 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P80457 (Bos taurus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P80457
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download CCD File 
B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MTE
Query on MTE

Download CCD File 
C
PHOSPHONIC ACIDMONO-(2-AMINO-5,6-DIMERCAPTO-4-OXO-3,7,8A,9,10,10A-HEXAHYDRO-4H-8-OXA-1,3,9,10-TETRAAZA-ANTHRACEN-7-YLMETHYL)ESTER
C10 H14 N5 O6 P S2
HPEUEJRPDGMIMY-IFQPEPLCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FES
Query on FES

Download CCD File 
A
FE2/S2 (INORGANIC) CLUSTER
Fe2 S2
NIXDOXVAJZFRNF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MOS
Query on MOS

Download CCD File 
C
DIOXOTHIOMOLYBDENUM(VI) ION
H Mo O2 S
BDSRWPHSAKXXRG-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
SAL
Query on SAL

Download CCD File 
C
2-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID
C7 H6 O3
YGSDEFSMJLZEOE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
C
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
SALKi:  100000000   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.275 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 117.831α = 90
b = 165.403β = 90
c = 154.447γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-10-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-02-01
    Changes: Structure summary