1FE2

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF DIHOMO-GAMMA-LINOLEIC ACID BOUND IN THE CYCLOOXYGENASE CHANNEL OF PROSTAGLANDIN ENDOPEROXIDE H SYNTHASE-1.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.237 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Mutational and X-ray crystallographic analysis of the interaction of dihomo-gamma -linolenic acid with prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases.

Thuresson, E.D.Malkowski, M.G.Lakkides, K.M.Rieke, C.J.Mulichak, A.M.Ginell, S.L.Garavito, R.M.Smith, W.L.

(2001) J Biol Chem 276: 10358-10365

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M009378200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1FE2

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases-1 and -2 (PGHSs) catalyze the committed step in prostaglandin biosynthesis. Both isozymes can oxygenate a variety of related polyunsaturated fatty acids. We report here the x-ray crystal structure of dihomo-gamm ...

    Prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases-1 and -2 (PGHSs) catalyze the committed step in prostaglandin biosynthesis. Both isozymes can oxygenate a variety of related polyunsaturated fatty acids. We report here the x-ray crystal structure of dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DHLA) in the cyclooxygenase site of PGHS-1 and the effects of active site substitutions on the oxygenation of DHLA, and we compare these results to those obtained previously with arachidonic acid (AA). DHLA is bound within the cyclooxygenase site in the same overall L-shaped conformation as AA. C-1 and C-11 through C-20 are in the same positions for both substrates, but the positions of C-2 through C-10 differ by up to 1.74 A. In general, substitutions of active site residues caused parallel changes in the oxygenation of both AA and DHLA. Two significant exceptions were Val-349 and Ser-530. A V349A substitution caused an 800-fold decrease in the V(max)/K(m) for DHLA but less than a 2-fold change with AA; kinetic evidence indicates that C-13 of DHLA is improperly positioned with respect to Tyr-385 in the V349A mutant thereby preventing efficient hydrogen abstraction. Val-349 contacts C-5 of DHLA and appears to serve as a structural bumper positioning the carboxyl half of DHLA, which, in turn, positions properly the omega-half of this substrate. A V349A substitution in PGHS-2 has similar, minor effects on the rates of oxygenation of AA and DHLA. Thus, Val-349 is a major determinant of substrate specificity for PGHS-1 but not for PGHS-2. Ser-530 also influences the substrate specificity of PGHS-1; an S530T substitution causes 40- and 750-fold decreases in oxygenation efficiencies for AA and DHLA, respectively.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structure of Prostaglandin Synthase Complexed with Arachidonic Acid.
      Malkowski, M.G., Ginell, S.L., Smith, W.L., Garavito, R.M.
      () To be published --: --

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROSTAGLANDIN ENDOPEROXIDE H SYNTHASE-1A576Ovis ariesMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PTGS1COX1
EC: 1.14.99.1
Find proteins for P05979 (Ovis aries)
Explore P05979 
Go to UniProtKB:  P05979
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
B, D
2 N-Glycosylation
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C
5 N-Glycosylation
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
COH
Query on COH

Download CCD File 
A
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING CO
C34 H32 Co N4 O4
AQTFKGDWFRRIHR-CTESUSPADG
 Ligand Interaction
LAX
Query on LAX

Download CCD File 
A
EICOSA-8,11,14-TRIENOIC ACID
C20 H34 O2
HOBAELRKJCKHQD-QNEBEIHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BOG
Query on BOG

Download CCD File 
A
octyl beta-D-glucopyranoside
C14 H28 O6
HEGSGKPQLMEBJL-RKQHYHRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.237 
  • Space Group: P 65 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 182.19α = 90
b = 182.19β = 90
c = 103.23γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-05-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary