1ERF

CONFORMATIONAL MAPPING OF THE N-TERMINAL FUSION PEPTIDE OF HIV-1 GP41 USING 13C-ENHANCED FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY (FTIR)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Conformational mapping of the N-terminal peptide of HIV-1 gp41 in membrane environments using (13)C-enhanced Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.

Gordon, L.M.Mobley, P.W.Pilpa, R.Sherman, M.A.Waring, A.J.

(2002) Biochim Biophys Acta 1559: 96-120

  • DOI: 10.1016/s0005-2736(01)00443-6
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1ERF

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The N-terminal domain of HIV-1 glycoprotein 41000 (FP; residues 1--23; AVGIGALFLGFLGAAGSTMGARSCONH(2)) participates in fusion processes underlying virus--cell infection. Here, we use physical techniques to study the secondary conformation of synthetic FP in aqueous, structure-promoting, lipid and biomembrane environments ...

    The N-terminal domain of HIV-1 glycoprotein 41000 (FP; residues 1--23; AVGIGALFLGFLGAAGSTMGARSCONH(2)) participates in fusion processes underlying virus--cell infection. Here, we use physical techniques to study the secondary conformation of synthetic FP in aqueous, structure-promoting, lipid and biomembrane environments. Circular dichroism and conventional, (12)C-Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy indicated the following alpha-helical levels for FP in 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylglycerol (POPG) liposomes-hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP)>trifluoroethanol (TFE)>phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). (12)C-FTIR spectra also showed disordered FP structures in these environments, along with substantial beta-structures for FP in TFE or PBS. In further experiments designed to map secondary conformations to specific residues, isotope-enhanced FTIR spectroscopy was performed using a suite of FP peptides labeled with (13)C-carbonyl at multiple sites. Combining these (13)C-enhanced FTIR results with molecular simulations indicated the following model for FP in HFIP: alpha-helix (residues 3-16) and random and beta-structures (residues 1-2 and residues 17-23). Additional (13)C-FTIR analysis indicated a similar conformation for FP in POPG at low peptide loading, except that the alpha-helix extends over residues 1-16. At low peptide loading in either human erythrocyte ghosts or lipid extracts from ghosts, (13)C-FTIR spectroscopy showed alpha-helical conformations for the central core of FP (residues 5-15); on the other hand, at high peptide loading in ghosts or lipid extracts, the central core of FP assumed an antiparallel beta-structure. FP at low loading in ghosts probably inserts deeply as an alpha-helix into the hydrophobic membrane bilayer, while at higher loading FP primarily associates with ghosts as an aqueous-accessible, beta-sheet. In future studies, (13)C-FTIR spectroscopy may yield residue-specific conformations for other membrane-bound proteins or peptides, which have been difficult to analyze with more standard methodologies.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pediatrics, Harbor-University of California at Los Angeles Medical Center, 90502-2064, USA. lgordon2@san.rr.com



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
TRANSMEMBRANE GLYCOPROTEINA24N/AMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for P03377 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BRU/LAI))
Explore P03377 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03377
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2000-05-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance