1EFP

ELECTRON TRANSFER FLAVOPROTEIN (ETF) FROM PARACOCCUS DENITRIFICANS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.286 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of Paracoccus denitrificans electron transfer flavoprotein: structural and electrostatic analysis of a conserved flavin binding domain.

Roberts, D.L.Salazar, D.Fulmer, J.P.Frerman, F.E.Kim, J.J.

(1999) Biochemistry 38: 1977-1989

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi9820917
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1EFP

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) from Paracoccus denitrificans was determined and refined to an R-factor of 19.3% at 2.6 A resolution. The overall fold is identical to that of the human enzyme, with the exception of a sin ...

    The crystal structure of electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) from Paracoccus denitrificans was determined and refined to an R-factor of 19.3% at 2.6 A resolution. The overall fold is identical to that of the human enzyme, with the exception of a single loop region. Like the human structure, the structure of the P. denitrificans ETF is comprised of three distinct domains, two contributed by the alpha-subunit and the third from the beta-subunit. Close analysis of the structure reveals that the loop containing betaI63 is in part responsible for conferring the high specificity of AMP binding by the ETF protein. Using the sequence and structures of the human and P. denitrificans enzymes as models, a detailed sequence alignment has been constructed for several members of the ETF family, including sequences derived for the putative FixA and FixB proteins. From this alignment, it is evident that in all members of the ETF family the residues located in the immediate vicinity of the FAD cofactor are identical, with the exception of the substitution of serine and leucine residues in the W3A1 ETF protein for the human residues alphaT266 and betaY16, respectively. Mapping of ionic differences between the human and P. denitrificans ETF onto the structure identifies a surface that is electrostatically very similar between the two proteins, thus supporting a previous docking model between human ETF and pig medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD). Analysis of the ionic strength dependence of the electron transfer reaction between either human or P. denitrificans ETF and MCAD demonstrates that the human ETF functions optimally at low ( approximately 10 mequiv) ionic strength, while P. denitrificans ETF is a better electron acceptor at higher (>75 mequiv) ionic strength. This suggests that the electrostatic surface potential of the two proteins is very different and is consistent with the difference in isoelectric points between the proteins. Analysis of the electrostatic potentials of the human and P. denitrificans ETFs reveals that the P. denitrificans ETF is more negatively charged. This excess negative charge may contribute to the difference in redox potentials between the two ETF flavoproteins and suggests an explanation for the opposing ionic strength dependencies for the reaction of MCAD with the two ETFs. Furthermore, by analysis of a model of the previously described human-P. denitrificans chimeric ETF protein, it is possible to identify one region of ETF that participates in docking with ETF-ubiquinone oxidoreductase, the physiological electron acceptor for ETF.


    Related Citations: 
    • Three-Dimensional Structure of Human Electron Transfer Flavoprotein to 2.1-A Resolution
      Roberts, D.L., Frerman, F.E., Kim, J.J.
      (1996) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93: 14355
    • Crystallization and Preliminary X-Ray Analysis of Electron Transfer Flavoproteins from Human and Paracoccus Denitrificans
      Roberts, D.L., Herrick, K.R., Frerman, F.E., Kim, J.J.
      (1995) Protein Sci 4: 1654

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN (ELECTRON TRANSFER FLAVOPROTEIN)AC307Paracoccus denitrificansMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: etfA
Find proteins for P38974 (Paracoccus denitrificans)
Explore P38974 
Go to UniProtKB:  P38974
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN (ELECTRON TRANSFER FLAVOPROTEIN)BD252Paracoccus denitrificansMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: etfB
Find proteins for P38975 (Paracoccus denitrificans)
Explore P38975 
Go to UniProtKB:  P38975
Protein Feature View
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 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download CCD File 
A, C
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
AMP
Query on AMP

Download CCD File 
A, C
ADENOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE
C10 H14 N5 O7 P
UDMBCSSLTHHNCD-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.286 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 70.43α = 90
b = 80.53β = 90
c = 183.97γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1999-08-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-26
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance