The High Resolution Crystal Structure for Class a Beta-Lactamase Per-1 Reveals the Bases for its Increase in Breadth of ActivityTranier, S., Bouthors, A.T., Maveyraud, L., Guillet, V., Sougakoff, W., Samama, J.P.
(2000) J.Biol.Chem. 275: 28075
- PubMed: 10825176
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M003802200
- PubMed Abstract:
The treatment of infectious diseases by beta-lactam antibiotics is continuously challenged by the emergence and dissemination of new beta-lactamases. In most cases, the cephalosporinase activity of class A enzymes results from a few mutations in the ...
The treatment of infectious diseases by beta-lactam antibiotics is continuously challenged by the emergence and dissemination of new beta-lactamases. In most cases, the cephalosporinase activity of class A enzymes results from a few mutations in the TEM and SHV penicillinases. The PER-1 beta-lactamase was characterized as a class A enzyme displaying a cephalosporinase activity. This activity was, however, insensitive to the mutations of residues known to be critical for providing extended substrate profiles to TEM and SHV. The x-ray structure of the protein, solved at 1.9-A resolution, reveals that two of the most conserved features in class A beta-lactamases are not present in this enzyme: the fold of the Omega-loop and the cis conformation of the peptide bond between residues 166 and 167. The new fold of the Omega-loop and the insertion of four residues at the edge of strand S3 generate a broad cavity that may easily accommodate the bulky substituents of cephalosporin substrates. The trans conformation of the 166-167 bond is related to the presence of an aspartic acid at position 136. Selection of class A enzymes based on the occurrence of both Asp(136) and Asn(179) identifies a subgroup of enzymes with high sequence homology.
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