Exploring the role of glutamine 50 in the homeodomain-DNA interface: crystal structure of engrailed (Gln50 --> ala) complex at 2.0 A.Grant, R.A., Rould, M.A., Klemm, J.D., Pabo, C.O.
(2000) Biochemistry 39: 8187-8192
- PubMed: 10889025
- PubMed Abstract:
- Engrailed homeodomain-DNA complex at 2.2 Angstroms resolution: A detailed view of the interface and comparison with other engrailed structures
Fraenkel, E.,Rould, M.A.,Chambers, K.A.,Pabo, C.O.
(1998) J.Mol.Biol. 284: 351
- Engrailed (gln50->lys) homeodomain-DNA complex at 1.9 Angstroms resolution: structural basis for enhanced affinity and altered specificity
Tucker-Kellogg, L.,Rould, M.A.,Chambers, K.A.,Ades, S.E.,Sauer, R.T.
(1997) Structure 5: 1047
- Crystal structure of an engrailed homeodomain-DNA comples at 2.8 Angstroms resolution: a framework for understanding homeodomain-DNA interactions
Kissinger, C.A.,Liu, B.,Martin-Blanco, E.,Kornberg, T.B.,Pabo, C.O.
(1990) Cell 63: 579
- Differential DNA-binding specificity of the engrailed homeodomain: the role of residue 50
Ades, S.E.,Sauer, R.T.
(1994) Biochemistry 33: 9187
We have determined the crystal structure of a complex containing the engrailed homeodomain Gln50 --> Ala variant (QA50) bound to the wild-type optimal DNA site (TAATTA) at 2.0 A resolution. Biochemical and genetic studies by other groups have suggest ...
We have determined the crystal structure of a complex containing the engrailed homeodomain Gln50 --> Ala variant (QA50) bound to the wild-type optimal DNA site (TAATTA) at 2.0 A resolution. Biochemical and genetic studies by other groups have suggested that residue 50 is an important determinant of differential DNA-binding specificity among homeodomains (distinguishing among various sites of the general form TAATNN). However, biochemical studies of the QA50 variant had revealed that it binds almost as tightly as the wild-type protein and with only modest changes in specificity. We have now determined the crystal structure of the QA50 variant to help understand the role of residue 50 in site-specific recognition. Our cocrystal structure shows some interesting changes in the water structure at the site of the substitution and shows some changes in the conformations of neighboring side chains. However, the structure, like the QA50 biochemical data, suggests that Gln50 plays a relatively modest role in determining the affinity and specificity of the engrailed homeodomain.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.