Mechanism of 8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase: spectroscopic, kinetic, and crystallographic studies.Webster, S.P., Alexeev, D., Campopiano, D.J., Watt, R.M., Alexeeva, M., Sawyer, L., Baxter, R.L.
(2000) Biochemistry 39: 516-528
- PubMed: 10642176
- DOI: 10.1021/bi991620j
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- The Crystal structure of 8-amino-7-oxonanoate synthase: a bacterial PLP- dependent, Acyl-CoA-condensing Enzyme
Alexeev, D., Alexeeva, M., Baxter, R.L., Webster, S.P., Sawyer, L.
(1998) J Mol Biol 284: 401
8-Amino-7-oxononanoate synthase (also known as 7-keto-8-aminopelargonate synthase, EC 22.214.171.124) is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme which catalyzes the decarboxylative condensation of L-alanine with pimeloyl-CoA in a stereospecific manner to form 8(S)-amino-7-oxononanoate ...
8-Amino-7-oxononanoate synthase (also known as 7-keto-8-aminopelargonate synthase, EC 126.96.36.199) is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme which catalyzes the decarboxylative condensation of L-alanine with pimeloyl-CoA in a stereospecific manner to form 8(S)-amino-7-oxononanoate. This is the first committed step in biotin biosynthesis. The mechanism of Escherichia coli AONS has been investigated by spectroscopic, kinetic, and crystallographic techniques. The X-ray structure of the holoenzyme has been refined at a resolution of 1.7 A (R = 18.6%, R(free) = 21. 2%) and shows that the plane of the imine bond of the internal aldimine deviates from the pyridine plane. The structure of the enzyme-product external aldimine complex has been refined at a resolution of 2.0 A (R = 21.2%, R(free) = 27.8%) and shows a rotation of the pyridine ring with respect to that in the internal aldimine, together with a significant conformational change of the C-terminal domain and subtle rearrangement of the active site hydrogen bonding. The first step in the reaction, L-alanine external aldimine formation, is rapid (k(1) = 2 x 10(4) M(-)(1) s(-)(1)). Formation of an external aldimine with D-alanine, which is not a substrate, is significantly slower (k(1) = 125 M(-)(1) s(-)(1)). Binding of D-alanine to AONS is enhanced approximately 2-fold in the presence of pimeloyl-CoA. Significant substrate quinonoid formation only occurs upon addition of pimeloyl-CoA to the preformed L-alanine external aldimine complex and is preceded by a distinct lag phase ( approximately 30 ms) which suggests that binding of the pimeloyl-CoA causes a conformational transition of the enzyme external aldimine complex. This transition, which is inferred by modeling to require a rotation around the Calpha-N bond of the external aldimine complex, promotes abstraction of the Calpha proton by Lys236. These results have been combined to form a detailed mechanistic pathway for AONS catalysis which may be applied to the other members of the alpha-oxoamine synthase subfamily.
Edinburgh Centre for Protein Technology, Department of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh, King's Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JJ, United Kingdom.