1CVO

THE SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF CARDIOTOXIN V FROM NAJA NAJA ATRA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Solution structure of cardiotoxin V from Naja naja atra.

Singhal, A.K.Chien, K.Y.Wu, W.G.Rule, G.S.

(1993) Biochemistry 32: 8036-8044

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi00082a026
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1CVO

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cardiotoxins are small proteins that are found in the venoms of snakes from the Elapidae family. These toxins are known to bind to and disrupt the organization, integrity, and function of the cell membrane. Most of the well-studied cardiotoxins cause depolarization of membrane potentials and/or lysis of red cells ...

    Cardiotoxins are small proteins that are found in the venoms of snakes from the Elapidae family. These toxins are known to bind to and disrupt the organization, integrity, and function of the cell membrane. Most of the well-studied cardiotoxins cause depolarization of membrane potentials and/or lysis of red cells. In contrast, CTX V from Naja naja atra displays poor hemolytic activity but is proficient at inducing aggregation and fusion of sphingomyelin vesicles [Chien et al. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 3252-3259]. To determine whether the unique activity of this CTX is attributable to its tertiary structure, the solution structure of CTX V was determined by NMR methods. On the basis of these studies, this cardiotoxin has the same general topology as other members of the family, and thus its unusual properties do not arise from any gross structural differences that are detectable by solution NMR methods. Molecular dynamics calculations indicate that residues 36-50 show concerted fluctuations. On the basis of sequence similarity, we postulate that residues 30-34 are important in determining the specificity of cardiotoxins for fusion versus lysis of vesicles.


    Related Citations: 
    • Fusion of Sphingomyelin Vesicles Induced by Proteins from Taiwan Cobra (Naja Naja Atra) Venom
      Chien, K.-Y., Huang, W.-N., Jean, J.-H., Wu, W.-G.
      (1991) J Biol Chem 266: 3252

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22908.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CARDIOTOXIN VA62Naja atraMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for P62375 (Naja atra)
Explore P62375 
Go to UniProtKB:  P62375
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • OLDERADO: 1CVO Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1994-01-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-29
    Changes: Derived calculations, Other