Site-directed mutations in tyrosine 195 of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase from Bacillus circulans strain 251 affect activity and product specificity.Penninga, D., Strokopytov, B., Rozeboom, H.J., Lawson, C.L., Dijkstra, B.W., Bergsma, J., Dijkhuizen, L.
(1995) Biochemistry 34: 3368-3376
- PubMed: 7880832
- DOI: 10.1021/bi00010a028
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
1CGY, 1CGX, 1CGW, 1CGV
- PubMed Abstract:
- Nucleotide Sequence and X-Ray Structure of Cyclodextrin Glycosyltransferase from Bacillus Circulans Strain 251 in a Maltose-Dependent Crystal Form
Lawson, C.L.L., Van Montfort, R., Strokopytov, B., Rozeboom, H.J., Kalk, K.H., De Vries, G.E., Penninga, D., Dijkhuizen, L., Dijkstra, B.W.
(1994) J Mol Biol 236: 590
- Maltodextrin-Dependent Crystallization of Cyclomaltodextrin Glucanotransferase from Bacillus Circulans
Lawson, C.L.L., Bergsma, J., Bruinenberg, P.M., De Vries, G.E., Dijkhuizen, L., Dijkstra, B.W.
(1990) J Mol Biol 214: 807
Tyrosine 195 is located in the center of the active site cleft of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (EC 188.8.131.52) from Bacillus circulans strain 251. Alignment of amino acid sequences of CGTases and alpha-amylases, and the analysis of the binding mode ...
Tyrosine 195 is located in the center of the active site cleft of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (EC 184.108.40.206) from Bacillus circulans strain 251. Alignment of amino acid sequences of CGTases and alpha-amylases, and the analysis of the binding mode of the substrate analogue acarbose in the active site cleft [Strokopytov, B., et al. (1995) Biochemistry 34, (in press)], suggested that Tyr195 plays an important role in cyclization of oligosaccharides. Tyr195 therefore was replaced with Phe (Y195F), Trp (Y195W), Leu (Y195L), and Gly (Y195G). Mutant proteins were purified and crystallized, and their X-ray structures were determined at 2.5-2.6 angstrum resolution, allowing a detailed comparison of their biochemical properties and three-dimensional structures with those of the wild-type CGTase protein. The mutant proteins possessed significantly reduced cyclodextrin forming and coupling activities but were not negatively affected in the disproportionation and saccharifying reactions. Also under production process conditions, after a 45 h incubation with a 10% starch solution, the Y195W, Y195L, and Y195G mutants showed a lower overall conversion of starch into cyclodextrins. These mutants produced a considerable amount of linear maltooligosaccharides. The presence of aromatic amino acids (Tyr or Phe) at the Tyr195 position thus appears to be of crucial importance for an efficient cyclization reaction, virtually preventing the formation of linear products. Mass spectrometry of the Y195L reaction mixture, but not that of the other mutants and the wild type, revealed a shift toward the synthesis (in low yields) of larger products, especially of beta- and gamma- (but no alpha-) cyclodextrins and minor amounts of delta-, epsilon-, zeta- and eta-cyclodextrins.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Department of Microbiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute (GBB), University of Groningen, Haren, The Netherlands.