Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 

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This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Excavating an active site: the nucleobase specificity of ribonuclease A.

Kelemen, B.R.Schultz, L.W.Sweeney, R.Y.Raines, R.T.

(2000) Biochemistry 39: 14487-14494

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bi001862f
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Ribonuclease A (RNase A) catalyzes the cleavage of RNA after pyrimidine nucleotides. When bound in the active site, the base of a pyrimidine nucleotide forms hydrogen bonds with the side chain of Thr45. Here, the role of Thr45 was probed by using the wild-type enzyme, its T45G variant, X-ray diffraction analysis, and synthetic oligonucleotides as ligands and substrates. Catalytic specificity was determined with the fluorogenic substrate: 6-carboxyfluorescein approximately dArXdAdA approximately 6-carboxytetramethylrhodamine (6-FAM approximately dArXdAdA approximately 6-TAMRA), where X = C, U, A, or G. Wild-type RNase A cleaves 10(6)-fold faster when X = C than when X = A. Likewise, its affinity for the non-hydrolyzable oligonucleotide 6-FAM approximately d(CAA) is 50-fold greater than for 6-FAM approximately d(AAA). T45G RNase A cleaves 6-FAM approximately dArAdAdA approximately 6-TAMRA 10(2)-fold faster than does the wild-type enzyme. The structure of crystalline T45G RNase A, determined at 1.8-A resolution by X-ray diffraction analysis, does not reveal new potential interactions with a nucleobase. Indeed, the two enzymes have a similar affinity for 6-FAM approximately d(AAA). The importance of pentofuranosyl ring conformation to nucleotide specificity was probed with 6-FAM approximately d(AU(F)AA), where U(F) is 2'-deoxy-2'-fluorouridine. The conformation of the pentofuranosyl ring in dU(F) is known to be more similar to that in rU than dU. The affinity of wild-type RNase A for 6-FAM approximately d(AU(F)AA) is 50-fold lower than for 6-FAM approximately d(AUAA). This discrimination is lost in the T45G enzyme. Together, these data indicate that the side chain of Thr45 plays multiple roles-interacting favorably with pyrimidine nucleobases but unfavorably with purine nucleobases. Moreover, a ribose-like ring disfavors the interaction of Thr45 with a pyrimidine nucleobase, suggesting that Thr45 enhances catalysis by ground-state destabilization.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN (Ribonuclease A)124Bos taurusMutation(s): 1 
Find proteins for P61823 (Bos taurus)
Explore P61823 
Go to UniProtKB:  P61823
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP61823
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 64.32α = 90
b = 64.32β = 90
c = 64.84γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
FRAMBOdata collection
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-05-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-04
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 1.4: 2018-03-14
    Changes: Database references