1C1X

L-PHENYLALANINE DEHYDROGENASE STRUCTURE IN TERNARY COMPLEX WITH NAD+ AND L-3-PHENYLLACTATE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Rhodococcus L-phenylalanine dehydrogenase: kinetics, mechanism, and structural basis for catalytic specificity.

Brunhuber, N.M.Thoden, J.B.Blanchard, J.S.Vanhooke, J.L.

(2000) Biochemistry 39: 9174-9187

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi000494c
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1C1X, 1C1D

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Phenylalanine dehydrogenase catalyzes the reversible, pyridine nucleotide-dependent oxidative deamination of L-phenylalanine to form phenylpyruvate and ammonia. We have characterized the steady-state kinetic behavior of the enzyme from Rhodococcus sp. M4 and determined the X-ray crystal structures of the recombinant enzyme in the complexes, E ...

    Phenylalanine dehydrogenase catalyzes the reversible, pyridine nucleotide-dependent oxidative deamination of L-phenylalanine to form phenylpyruvate and ammonia. We have characterized the steady-state kinetic behavior of the enzyme from Rhodococcus sp. M4 and determined the X-ray crystal structures of the recombinant enzyme in the complexes, E.NADH.L-phenylalanine and E.NAD(+). L-3-phenyllactate, to 1.25 and 1.4 A resolution, respectively. Initial velocity, product inhibition, and dead-end inhibition studies indicate the kinetic mechanism is ordered, with NAD(+) binding prior to phenylalanine and the products' being released in the order of ammonia, phenylpyruvate, and NADH. The enzyme shows no activity with NADPH or other 2'-phosphorylated pyridine nucleotides but has broad activity with NADH analogues. Our initial structural analyses of the E.NAD(+).phenylpyruvate and E.NAD(+). 3-phenylpropionate complexes established that Lys78 and Asp118 function as the catalytic residues in the active site [Vanhooke et al. (1999) Biochemistry 38, 2326-2339]. We have studied the ionization behavior of these residues in steady-state turnover and use these findings in conjunction with the structural data described both here and in our first report to modify our previously proposed mechanism for the enzymatic reaction. The structural characterizations also illuminate the mechanism of the redox specificity that precludes alpha-amino acid dehydrogenases from functioning as alpha-hydroxy acid dehydrogenases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
L-PHENYLALANINE DEHYDROGENASEA355Rhodococcus sp.Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: pdh
EC: 1.4.1.20
UniProt
Find proteins for Q59771 (Rhodococcus sp)
Explore Q59771 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q59771
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN (L-PHENYLALANINE DEHYDROGENASE)B355Rhodococcus sp.Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: pdh
EC: 1.4.1.20
UniProt
Find proteins for Q59771 (Rhodococcus sp)
Explore Q59771 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q59771
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAD (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on NAD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A], K [auth B]NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HFA (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on HFA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A], L [auth B]ALPHA-HYDROXY-BETA-PHENYL-PROPIONIC ACID
C9 H10 O3
VOXXWSYKYCBWHO-QMMMGPOBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
J [auth B]PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
IPA
Query on IPA

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M [auth B], N [auth B], O [auth B]ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL
C3 H8 O
KFZMGEQAYNKOFK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
K
Query on K

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], D [auth A], H [auth B], I [auth B]POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 64.6α = 90
b = 110.4β = 90
c = 113.4γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
TNTphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2000-08-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-12-11
    Changes: Advisory, Derived calculations