1BY8

THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF HUMAN PROCATHEPSIN K


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.344 
  • R-Value Work: 0.214 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.214 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The crystal structure of human procathepsin K.

LaLonde, J.M.Zhao, B.Janson, C.A.D'Alessio, K.J.McQueney, M.S.Orsini, M.J.Debouck, C.M.Smith, W.W.

(1999) Biochemistry 38: 862-869

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi9822271
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1BY8

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cathepsin K is a cysteine protease present in human osteoclasts that plays an important role in bone resorption. Cathepsin K is synthesized as an inactive proenzyme and activated under conditions of low pH. Autoproteolytic processing of the N-terminal 99 amino acid propeptide produces the active, mature form of cathepsin K ...

    Cathepsin K is a cysteine protease present in human osteoclasts that plays an important role in bone resorption. Cathepsin K is synthesized as an inactive proenzyme and activated under conditions of low pH. Autoproteolytic processing of the N-terminal 99 amino acid propeptide produces the active, mature form of cathepsin K. It is presumed that the activation of procathepsin K in vivo occurs in the bone resorption pit, which has a low-pH environment. We have determined the structure of human procathepsin K at 2.8 A resolution. The structure of the mature enzyme domain within procathepsin K is virtually identical to that of mature cathepsin K. The fold of the propeptide of procathepsin K is similar to that observed in procathepsins B and L despite differences in length and sequence. A portion of the propeptide occupies the active site cleft of cathepsin K. Hydrophobic interactions, salt bridges, and hydrogen-bonding interactions are observed in the structure of the propeptide and between the propeptide and the mature enzyme of procathepsin K. These interactions suggest an explanation for the stability of the proenzyme. The structure of procathepsin K contributes to an understanding of the molecular basis of inhibition by the propeptide portion of the molecule and activation of this important member of the cysteine protease family.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Biology, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania 19406, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN (PROCATHEPSIN K)A314Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CTSKCTSOCTSO2
EC: 3.4.22.38
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P43235 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P43235 
Go to UniProtKB:  P43235
PHAROS:  P43235
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.344 
  • R-Value Work: 0.214 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.214 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 56.78α = 90
b = 156.55β = 90
c = 96.26γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-GENdata scaling
X-GENdata reduction
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1999-10-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-04
    Changes: Refinement description