1BVU

GLUTAMATE DEHYDROGENASE FROM THERMOCOCCUS LITORALIS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure determination of the glutamate dehydrogenase from the hyperthermophile Thermococcus litoralis and its comparison with that from Pyrococcus furiosus

Britton, K.L.Yip, K.S.Sedelnikova, S.E.Stillman, T.J.Adams, M.W.Ma, K.Maeder, D.L.Robb, F.T.Tolliday, N.Vetriani, C.Rice, D.W.Baker, P.J.

(1999) J Mol Biol 293: 1121-1132

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1999.3205
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1BVU

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glutamate dehydrogenase catalyses the oxidative deamination of glutamate to 2-oxoglutarate with concomitant reduction of NAD(P)(+), and has been shown to be widely distributed in nature across species ranging from psychrophiles to hyperthermophiles. Extensive characterisation of this enzyme isolated from hyperthermophilic organisms has led to its adoption as a model system for analysing the determinants of thermal stability ...

    Glutamate dehydrogenase catalyses the oxidative deamination of glutamate to 2-oxoglutarate with concomitant reduction of NAD(P)(+), and has been shown to be widely distributed in nature across species ranging from psychrophiles to hyperthermophiles. Extensive characterisation of this enzyme isolated from hyperthermophilic organisms has led to its adoption as a model system for analysing the determinants of thermal stability. The crystal structure of the extremely thermostable glutamate dehydrogenase from Thermococcus litoralis has been determined at 2.5 A resolution, and has been compared to that from the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus furiosus. The two enzymes are 87 % identical in sequence, yet differ 16-fold in their half-lives at 104 degrees C. This is the first reported comparative analysis of the structures of a multisubunit enzyme from two closely related yet distinct hyperthermophilies. The less stable T. litoralis enzyme has a decreased number of ion pair interactions; modified patterns of hydrogen bonding resulting from isosteric sequence changes; substitutions that decrease packing efficiency; and substitutions which give rise to subtle but distinct shifts in both main-chain and side-chain elements of the structure. This analysis provides a rational basis to test ideas on the factors that confer thermal stability in proteins through a combination of mutagenesis, calorimetry, and structural studies.


    Related Citations: 
    • Protein Thermostability Above 100C: A Key Role for Ionic Interactions
      Vetriani, C., Maeder, D.L., Tolliday, N., Yip, K.S.-P., Stillman, T.J., Britton, K.L., Rice, D.W., Klump, H.H., Robb, F.T.
      (1998) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95: 12300
    • Crystallisation of the Glutamate Dehydrogenase from the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Thermococcus Litoralis
      Sedelnikova, S.E., Yip, K.S.-P., Stillman, T.J., Ma, K., Adams, M.W.W., Robb, F.T., Rice, D.W.
      (1996) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 52: 1185

    Organizational Affiliation

    University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN (GLUTAMATE DEHYDROGENASE)A, B, C, D, E, F418Thermococcus litoralisMutation(s): 0 
EC: 1.4.1.3
UniProt
Find proteins for Q56304 (Thermococcus litoralis (strain ATCC 51850 / DSM 5473 / JCM 8560 / NS-C))
Explore Q56304 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q56304
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 141.9α = 90
b = 197.5β = 113.6
c = 125.7γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
ROTAVATAdata reduction
MLPHAREphasing
TNTrefinement
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1999-09-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance