1BIA

THE E. COLI BIOTIN HOLOENZYME SYNTHETASE(SLASH)BIO REPRESSOR CRYSTAL STRUCTURE DELINEATES THE BIOTIN AND DNA-BINDING DOMAINS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Escherichia coli biotin holoenzyme synthetase/bio repressor crystal structure delineates the biotin- and DNA-binding domains.

Wilson, K.P.Shewchuk, L.M.Brennan, R.G.Otsuka, A.J.Matthews, B.W.

(1992) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 89: 9257-9261

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.89.19.9257
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1BIB, 1BIA

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The three-dimensional structure of BirA, the repressor of the Escherichia coli biotin biosynthetic operon, has been determined by x-ray crystallography and refined to a crystallographic residual of 19.0% at 2.3-A resolution. BirA is a sequence-specif ...

    The three-dimensional structure of BirA, the repressor of the Escherichia coli biotin biosynthetic operon, has been determined by x-ray crystallography and refined to a crystallographic residual of 19.0% at 2.3-A resolution. BirA is a sequence-specific DNA-binding protein that also catalyzes the formation of biotinyl-5'-adenylate from biotin and ATP and transfers the biotin moiety to other proteins. The level of biotin biosynthetic enzymes in the cell is controlled by the amount of biotinyl-5'-adenylate, which is the BirA corepressor. The structure provides an example of a transcription factor that is also an enzyme. The structure of BirA is highly asymmetric and consists of three domains. The N-terminal domain is mostly alpha-helical, contains a helix-turn-helix DNA-binding motif, and is loosely connected to the remainder of the molecule. The central domain consists of a seven-stranded mixed beta-sheet with alpha-helices covering one face. The other side of the sheet is largely solvent-exposed and contains the active site. The C-terminal domain comprises a six-stranded, antiparallel beta-sheet sandwich. The location of biotin binding is consistent with mutations that affect enzymatic activity. A nearby loop has a sequence that has been associated with phosphate binding in other proteins. It is inferred that ATP binds in this region, adjacent to the biotin. It is proposed that the binding of corepressor to monomeric BirA may promote DNA binding by facilitating the formation of a multimeric BirA-corepressor-DNA complex. The structural details of this complex remain an open question, however.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystallization of the Bifunctional Biotin Operon Repressor
      Brennan, R.G., Vasu, S., Matthews, B.W., Otsuka, A.J.
      (1989) J Biol Chem 264: 5

    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Molecular Biology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
BirA BIFUNCTIONAL PROTEINA321Escherichia coliMutation(s): 0 
EC: 6.3.4.15
Find proteins for P06709 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P06709 
Go to UniProtKB:  P06709
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 114α = 90
b = 114β = 90
c = 60.2γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1993-10-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-03
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance