1B8O

PURINE NUCLEOSIDE PHOSPHORYLASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Transition state structure of purine nucleoside phosphorylase and principles of atomic motion in enzymatic catalysis.

Fedorov, A.Shi, W.Kicska, G.Fedorov, E.Tyler, P.C.Furneaux, R.H.Hanson, J.C.Gainsford, G.J.Larese, J.Z.Schramm, V.L.Almo, S.C.

(2001) Biochemistry 40: 853-860


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Immucillin-H [ImmH; (1S)-1-(9-deazahypoxanthin-9-yl)-1,4-dideoxy-1,4-imino-D-ribitol] is a 23 pM inhibitor of bovine purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) specifically designed as a transition state mimic [Miles, R. W., Tyler, P. C., Furneaux, R. H., ...

    Immucillin-H [ImmH; (1S)-1-(9-deazahypoxanthin-9-yl)-1,4-dideoxy-1,4-imino-D-ribitol] is a 23 pM inhibitor of bovine purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) specifically designed as a transition state mimic [Miles, R. W., Tyler, P. C., Furneaux, R. H., Bagdassarian, C. K., and Schramm, V. L. (1998) Biochemistry 37, 8615-8621]. Cocrystals of PNP and the inhibitor are used to provide structural information for each step through the reaction coordinate of PNP. The X-ray crystal structure of free ImmH was solved at 0.9 A resolution, and a complex of PNP.ImmH.PO(4) was solved at 1.5 A resolution. These structures are compared to previously reported complexes of PNP with substrate and product analogues in the catalytic sites and with the experimentally determined transition state structure. Upon binding, ImmH is distorted to a conformation favoring ribosyl oxocarbenium ion formation. Ribosyl destabilization and transition state stabilization of the ribosyl oxocarbenium ion occur from neighboring group interactions with the phosphate anion and the 5'-hydroxyl of the ribosyl group. Leaving group activation of hypoxanthine involves hydrogen bonds to O6, N1, and N7 of the purine ring. Ordered water molecules provide a proton transfer bridge to O6 and N7 and permit reversible formation of these hydrogen bonds. Contacts between PNP and catalytic site ligands are shorter in the transition state analogue complex of PNP.ImmH.PO(4) than in the Michaelis complexes of PNP.inosine.SO(4) or PNP.hypoxanthine.ribose 1-PO(4). Reaction coordinate motion is dominated by translation of the carbon 1' of ribose between relatively fixed phosphate and purine groups. Purine and pyrimidine phosphoribosyltransferases and nucleoside N-ribosyl hydrolases appear to operate by a similar mechanism.


    Related Citations: 
    • Calf spleen purine nucleoside phosphorylase complexed with substrates and substrate analogues.
      Mao, C.,Cook, W.J.,Zhou, M.,Federov, A.A.,Almo, S.C.,Ealick, S.E.
      (1998) Biochemistry 37: 7135


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PURINE NUCLEOSIDE PHOSPHORYLASE
A
284Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PNP (NP)
EC: 2.4.2.1
Find proteins for P55859 (Bos taurus)
Go to Gene View: PNP
Go to UniProtKB:  P55859
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IMH
Query on IMH

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
1,4-DIDEOXY-4-AZA-1-(S)-(9-DEAZAHYPOXANTHIN-9-YL)-D-RIBITOL
C11 H14 N4 O4
IWKXDMQDITUYRK-KUBHLMPHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
IMHKi: 0.023 nM BINDINGMOAD
IMHKi: 0.023 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • Space Group: P 21 3
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 92.683α = 90.00
b = 92.683β = 90.00
c = 92.683γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
DENZOdata reduction
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1999-02-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-26
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-10-30
    Type: Data collection, Database references