1AXE

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE ACTIVE-SITE MUTANT PHE93->TRP OF HORSE LIVER ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENASE IN COMPLEX WITH NAD AND INHIBITOR TRIFLUOROETHANOL


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.5 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A link between protein structure and enzyme catalyzed hydrogen tunneling.

Bahnson, B.J.Colby, T.D.Chin, J.K.Goldstein, B.M.Klinman, J.P.

(1997) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94: 12797-12802

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.94.24.12797
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1AXE, 1AXG

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    We present evidence that the size of an active site side chain may modulate the degree of hydrogen tunneling in an enzyme-catalyzed reaction. Primary and secondary kH/kT and kD/kT kinetic isotope effects have been measured for the oxidation of benzyl alcohol catalyzed by horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase at 25 degrees C. As reported in earlier studies, the relationship between secondary kH/kT and kD/kT isotope effects provides a sensitive probe for deviations from classical behavior. In the present work, catalytic efficiency and the extent of hydrogen tunneling have been correlated for the alcohol dehydrogenase-catalyzed hydride transfer among a group of site-directed mutants at position 203. Val-203 interacts with the opposite face of the cofactor NAD+ from the alcohol substrate. The reduction in size of this residue is correlated with diminished tunneling and a two orders of magnitude decrease in catalytic efficiency. Comparison of the x-ray crystal structures of a ternary complex of a high-tunneling (Phe-93 --> Trp) and a low-tunneling (Val-203 --> Ala) mutant provides a structural basis for the observed effects, demonstrating an increase in the hydrogen transfer distance for the low-tunneling mutant. The Val-203 --> Ala ternary complex crystal structure also shows a hyperclosed interdomain geometry relative to the wild-type and the Phe-93 --> Trp mutant ternary complex structures. This demonstrates a flexibility in interdomain movement that could potentially narrow the distance between the donor and acceptor carbons in the native enzyme and may enhance the role of tunneling in the hydride transfer reaction.


  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA.


Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENASE
A, B
374Equus caballusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: LADH CDNA
EC: 1.1.1.1
UniProt
Find proteins for P00327 (Equus caballus)
Explore P00327 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00327
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP00327
Sequence Annotations
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAD
Query on NAD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A],
I [auth B]
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
ETF
Query on ETF

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A],
J [auth B]
TRIFLUOROETHANOL
C2 H3 F3 O
RHQDFWAXVIIEBN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
G [auth B],
H [auth B]
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 51.82α = 103.1
b = 44.58β = 87.59
c = 93.28γ = 70.55
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1998-04-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2021-11-03
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations, Other
  • Version 1.4: 2023-08-02
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 1.5: 2024-05-22
    Changes: Data collection