Structures of apolipoprotein A-II and a lipid-surrogate complex provide insights into apolipoprotein-lipid interactions.Kumar, M.S., Carson, M., Hussain, M.M., Murthy, H.M.
(2002) Biochemistry 41: 11681-11691
- PubMed: 12269810
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Apolipoproteins A-I and A-II form the major protein constituents of high-density lipid particles (HDL), the concentration of which is inversely correlated with the frequency of heart disease in humans. Although the physiological role of apolipoprotei ...
Apolipoproteins A-I and A-II form the major protein constituents of high-density lipid particles (HDL), the concentration of which is inversely correlated with the frequency of heart disease in humans. Although the physiological role of apolipoprotein A-II is unclear, evidence for its involvement in free fatty acid metabolism in mice has recently been obtained. Currently, the best characterized activity of apolipoprotein A-II is its potent antagonism of the anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory activities of apolipoprotein A-I, probably due to its competition with the latter for lipid acyl side chains in HDL. Many interactions of apolipoprotein A-I with enzymes and proteins involved in reverse cholesterol transport and HDL maturation are mediated by lipid-bound protein. The structural bases of interaction with lipids are expected to be common to exchangeable apolipoproteins and attributable to amphipathic alpha-helices present in each of them. Thus, characterization of apolipoprotein-lipid interactions in any apolipoprotein is likely to provide information that is applicable to the entire class. We report structures of human apolipoprotein A-II and its complex with beta-octyl glucoside, a widely used lipid surrogate. The former shows that disulfide-linked dimers of apolipoprotein A-II form amphipathic alpha-helices which aggregate into tetramers. Dramatic changes, observed in the presence of beta-octyl glucoside, might provide clues to the structural basis for its antagonism of apolipoprotein A-I. Additionally, excursions of individual molecules of apolipoprotein A-II from a common helical architecture in both structures indicate that lipid-bound apolipoproteins are likely to have an ensemble of related conformations. These structures provide the first experimental paradigm for description of apolipoprotein-lipid interactions at the atomic level.
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