Solution structure of the d(T-C-G-A) duplex at acidic pH. A parallel-stranded helix containing C+ .C, G.G and A.A pairs.Wang, Y., Patel, D.J.
(1994) J Mol Biol 242: 508-526
- PubMed: 7932707
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The solution structure of the d(T-C-G-A) sequence at acidic pH has been determined by a combination of NMR and molecular dynamics calculations including NOE intensity based refinements. This sequence forms a right-handed parallel-stranded duplex with C+ .C (three hydrogen bonds along Watson-Crick edge), G.G (two symmetry related N2-H.. N3 hydrogen bonds) and A.A (two symmetry related N6-H..N7 hydrogen bonds) homo base-pair formation at acidic pH. The duplex is stabilized by intra-strand base stacking at the C2-G3 step and cross-strand base stacking at the G3-A4 step. The thymine residues on partner strands are directed towards each other and are positioned over the C+ .C base-pair. All four residues adopt anti glycosidic torsion angles and C2'-endo type sugar conformations in the parallel-stranded d(T-C-G-A) duplex which exhibits large changes in twist angles between adjacent steps along the duplex. This study rules out previously proposed models for the structure of the d(T-C-G-A) duplex at acidic pH and supports earlier structural contributions, which established that d(C-G) and d(C-G-A) containing sequences at acidic pH pair through parallel-stranded alignment. We have also monitored hydration patterns in the symmetry related grooves of the parallel-stranded d(T-C-G-A) duplex.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.