7D7V

Crystal Structure of the Domain1 of NAD+ Riboswitch with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) and U1A protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.308 
  • R-Value Work: 0.250 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural distinctions between NAD+ riboswitch domains 1 and 2 determine differential folding and ligand binding.

Chen, H.Egger, M.Xu, X.Flemmich, L.Krasheninina, O.Sun, A.Micura, R.Ren, A.

(2020) Nucleic Acids Res 48: 12394-12406

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkaa1029
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    7D7Z, 7D7X, 7D7Y, 7D7V, 7D7W, 7D81, 7D82

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Riboswitches are important gene regulatory elements frequently encountered in bacterial mRNAs. The recently discovered nadA riboswitch contains two similar, tandemly arrayed aptamer domains, with the first domain possessing high affinity for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) ...

    Riboswitches are important gene regulatory elements frequently encountered in bacterial mRNAs. The recently discovered nadA riboswitch contains two similar, tandemly arrayed aptamer domains, with the first domain possessing high affinity for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+). The second domain which comprises the ribosomal binding site in a putative regulatory helix, however, has withdrawn from detection of ligand-induced structural modulation thus far, and therefore, the identity of the cognate ligand and the regulation mechanism have remained unclear. Here, we report crystal structures of both riboswitch domains, each bound to NAD+. Furthermore, we demonstrate that ligand binding to domain 2 requires significantly higher concentrations of NAD+ (or ADP retaining analogs) compared to domain 1. Using a fluorescence spectroscopic approach, we further shed light on the structural features which are responsible for the different ligand affinities, and describe the Mg2+-dependent, distinct folding and pre-organization of their binding pockets. Finally, we speculate about possible scenarios for nadA RNA gene regulation as a putative two-concentration sensor module for a time-controlled signal that is primed and stalled by the gene regulation machinery at low ligand concentrations (domain 1), and finally triggers repression of translation as soon as high ligand concentrations are reached in the cell (domain 2).


    Organizational Affiliation

    Life Sciences Institute, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein A C92Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: SNRPA
Find proteins for P09012 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P09012 
Go to UniProtKB:  P09012
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P09012
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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(by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
17delU1A (58-MER)A57Acidobacterium capsulatum ATCC 51196
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.308 
  • R-Value Work: 0.250 
  • Space Group: P 61 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 68.593α = 90
b = 68.593β = 90
c = 333.848γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-3000data scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-3000data reduction
AutoSolphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2020-10-06 
  • Released Date: 2020-11-25 
  • Deposition Author(s): Chen, H., Ren, A.M.

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)China--

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-11-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-12-02
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2020-12-23
    Changes: Database references