In Silico Screening-Based Discovery of Novel Inhibitors of Human Cyclic GMP-AMP Synthase: A Cross-Validation Study of Molecular Docking and Experimental Testing.Zhao, W.F., Xiong, M.Y., Yuan, X.J., Li, M.J., Sun, H.B., Xu, Y.C.
(2020) J Chem Inf Model
- PubMed: 32459092
- DOI: 10.1021/acs.jcim.0c00171
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
6LRL, 6LRE, 6LRI, 6LRK, 6LRJ, 6LRC
- PubMed Abstract:
Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) has been recently uncovered to be a promising therapeutic target for immune-associated diseases. Until now, only a few inhibitors have been identified through high-throughput screening campaigns. Here, we reported the d ...
Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) has been recently uncovered to be a promising therapeutic target for immune-associated diseases. Until now, only a few inhibitors have been identified through high-throughput screening campaigns. Here, we reported the discovery of novel inhibitors for the catalytic domain of human cGAS (h-cGAS CD ) by virtual screening for the first time. To generate a reliable docking mode, we first obtained a high-resolution crystal structure of h-cGAS CD in complex with PF-06928215, a known inhibitor of h-cGAS, followed by molecular dynamics simulations on this complex structure. Four fragment hits were identified by the virtual screening together with a thermal shift assay. The crystal structures of these four compounds in complex with h-cGAS CD were subsequently determined, and the binding modes of the compounds were similar to those predicted by molecular docking, supporting the reliability of the docking model. In addition, an enzyme activity assay identified compound 18 (IC 50 = 29.88 ± 3.20 μM) from the compounds predicted by the virtual screening. A similarity search of compound 18 followed by a second virtual screening led to the discovery of compounds S2 (IC 50 = 13.1 ± 0.09 μM) and S3 (IC 50 = 4.9 ± 0.26 μM) as h-cGAS inhibitors with improved potency. Therefore, the present study not only provides the validated hit compounds for further development of h-cGAS inhibitors but also demonstrates a cross-validation study of virtual screening, in vitro experimental assays, and crystal structure determination.
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.