5AXW

Crystal structure of Staphylococcus aureus Cas9 in complex with sgRNA and target DNA (TTGGGT PAM)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal Structure of Staphylococcus aureus Cas9.

Nishimasu, H.Cong, L.Yan, W.X.Ran, F.A.Zetsche, B.Li, Y.Kurabayashi, A.Ishitani, R.Zhang, F.Nureki, O.

(2015) Cell 162: 1113-1126

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.08.007
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5CZZ, 5AXW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The RNA-guided DNA endonuclease Cas9 cleaves double-stranded DNA targets with a protospacer adjacent motif (PAM) and complementarity to the guide RNA. Recently, we harnessed Staphylococcus aureus Cas9 (SaCas9), which is significantly smaller than Str ...

    The RNA-guided DNA endonuclease Cas9 cleaves double-stranded DNA targets with a protospacer adjacent motif (PAM) and complementarity to the guide RNA. Recently, we harnessed Staphylococcus aureus Cas9 (SaCas9), which is significantly smaller than Streptococcus pyogenes Cas9 (SpCas9), to facilitate efficient in vivo genome editing. Here, we report the crystal structures of SaCas9 in complex with a single guide RNA (sgRNA) and its double-stranded DNA targets, containing the 5'-TTGAAT-3' PAM and the 5'-TTGGGT-3' PAM, at 2.6 and 2.7 Å resolutions, respectively. The structures revealed the mechanism of the relaxed recognition of the 5'-NNGRRT-3' PAM by SaCas9. A structural comparison of SaCas9 with SpCas9 highlighted both structural conservation and divergence, explaining their distinct PAM specificities and orthologous sgRNA recognition. Finally, we applied the structural information about this minimal Cas9 to rationally design compact transcriptional activators and inducible nucleases, to further expand the CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing toolbox.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan. Electronic address: nureki@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CRISPR-associated endonuclease Cas9A1056Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureusMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: cas9
EC: 3.1
Find proteins for J7RUA5 (Staphylococcus aureus)
Explore J7RUA5 
Go to UniProtKB:  J7RUA5
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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(by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
RNA (73-MER)B73Staphylococcus aureus
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(by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (28-MER)C28Staphylococcus aureus
  • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
  • Entity ID: 4
    MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
    DNA (5'-D(*TP*TP*GP*GP*GP*TP*AP*G)-3')D8Staphylococcus aureus
    Experimental Data & Validation

    Experimental Data

    • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
    • Resolution: 2.70 Å
    • R-Value Free: 0.230 
    • R-Value Work: 0.203 
    • R-Value Observed: 0.205 
    • Space Group: P 21 21 2
    Unit Cell:
    Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
    a = 67.596α = 90
    b = 345.664β = 90
    c = 98.052γ = 90
    Software Package:
    Software NamePurpose
    PHENIXrefinement
    PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

    Structure Validation

    View Full Validation Report



    Entry History 

    Deposition Data

    Revision History 

    • Version 1.0: 2015-09-02
      Type: Initial release
    • Version 1.1: 2019-12-25
      Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Source and taxonomy