3LKJ

Small Molecule Inhibition of the TNF Family Cyokine CD40 Ligand Through a Subunit Fracture Mechanism


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.305 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.230 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Small Molecule Inhibition of the TNF Family Cytokine CD40 Ligand through a Subunit Fracture Mechanism.

Silvian, L.F.Friedman, J.E.Strauch, K.Cachero, T.G.Day, E.S.Qian, F.Cunningham, B.Fung, A.Sun, L.Su, L.Zheng, Z.Kumaravel, G.Whitty, A.

(2011) ACS Chem Biol 6: 636-647

  • DOI: 10.1021/cb2000346
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3LKJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • BIO8898 is one of several synthetic organic molecules that have recently been reported to inhibit receptor binding and function of the constitutively trimeric tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family cytokine CD40 ligand (CD40L, aka CD154). Small molecule inhibitors of protein-protein interfaces are relatively rare, and their discovery is often very challenging ...

    BIO8898 is one of several synthetic organic molecules that have recently been reported to inhibit receptor binding and function of the constitutively trimeric tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family cytokine CD40 ligand (CD40L, aka CD154). Small molecule inhibitors of protein-protein interfaces are relatively rare, and their discovery is often very challenging. Therefore, to understand how BIO8898 achieves this feat, we characterized its mechanism of action using biochemical assays and X-ray crystallography. BIO8898 inhibited soluble CD40L binding to CD40-Ig with a potency of IC(50) = 25 μM and inhibited CD40L-dependent apoptosis in a cellular assay. A co-crystal structure of BIO8898 with CD40L revealed that one inhibitor molecule binds per protein trimer. Surprisingly, the compound binds not at the surface of the protein but by intercalating deeply between two subunits of the homotrimeric cytokine, disrupting a constitutive protein-protein interface and breaking the protein's 3-fold symmetry. The compound forms several hydrogen bonds with the protein, within an otherwise hydrophobic binding pocket. In addition to the translational splitting of the trimer, binding of BIO8898 was accompanied by additional local and longer-range conformational perturbations of the protein, both in the core and in a surface loop. Binding of BIO8898 is reversible, and the resulting complex is stable and does not lead to detectable dissociation of the protein trimer. Our results suggest that a set of core aromatic residues that are conserved across a subset of TNF family cytokines might represent a generic hot-spot for the induced-fit binding of trimer-disrupting small molecules.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Drug Discovery, Biogen Idec, 12 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, United States. laura.silvian@biogenidec.com.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CD40 ligand ABC141Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CD40LCD40LGTNFSF5TRAP
Find proteins for P29965 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P29965 
Go to UniProtKB:  P29965
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P29965
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
LKJ
Query on LKJ

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C
(2R)-{[(2'-[(biphenyl-3-ylmethyl)carbamoyl]-6'-{[(2R)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]carbonyl}-6-{[(2R)-2-(1H-pyrrol-1-ylmethyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]carbonyl}-4,4'-bipyridin-2-yl)carbonyl]amino}(cyclohexyl)ethanoic acid
C53 H60 N8 O6
OURBCKKEKMWLAJ-JYIFATIISA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B, C
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
LKJIC50 :  25000   nM  PDBBind
LKJIC50:  25000   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.305 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.230 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 63.303α = 90
b = 67.607β = 90
c = 108.534γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-02-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary