3D2R

Crystal structure of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase isoform 4 in complex with ADP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.03 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.183 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.185 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase-4 Structures Reveal a Metastable Open Conformation Fostering Robust Core-free Basal Activity.

Wynn, R.M.Kato, M.Chuang, J.L.Tso, S.C.Li, J.Chuang, D.T.

(2008) J Biol Chem 283: 25305-25315

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M802249200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3D2R, 2ZKJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) is down-regulated by pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) isoforms 1-4. PDK4 is overexpressed in skeletal muscle in type 2 diabetes, resulting in impaired glucose utilization. Here we show that human PDK4 has robust core-free basal activity, which is considerably higher than activity levels of other PDK isoforms stimulated by the PDC core ...

    Human pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) is down-regulated by pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) isoforms 1-4. PDK4 is overexpressed in skeletal muscle in type 2 diabetes, resulting in impaired glucose utilization. Here we show that human PDK4 has robust core-free basal activity, which is considerably higher than activity levels of other PDK isoforms stimulated by the PDC core. PDK4 binds the L3 lipoyl domain, but its activity is not significantly stimulated by any individual lipoyl domains or the core of PDC. The 2.0-A crystal structures of the PDK4 dimer with bound ADP reveal an open conformation with a wider active-site cleft, compared with that in the closed conformation epitomized by the PDK2-ADP structure. The open conformation in PDK4 shows partially ordered C-terminal cross-tails, in which the conserved DW (Asp(394)-Trp(395)) motif from one subunit anchors to the N-terminal domain of the other subunit. The open conformation fosters a reduced binding affinity for ADP, facilitating the efficient removal of product inhibition by this nucleotide. Alteration or deletion of the DW-motif disrupts the C-terminal cross-tail anchor, resulting in the closed conformation and the nearly complete inactivation of PDK4. Fluorescence quenching and enzyme activity data suggest that compounds AZD7545 and dichloroacetate lock PDK4 in the open and the closed conformational states, respectively. We propose that PDK4 with bound ADP exists in equilibrium between the open and the closed conformations. The favored metastable open conformation is responsible for the robust basal activity of PDK4 in the absence of the PDC core.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9038, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
[Pyruvate dehydrogenase [lipoamide]] kinase isozyme 4 AB394Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PDK4PDHK4
EC: 2.7.11.2
Find proteins for Q16654 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q16654 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q16654
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q16654
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
ADPKd :  3300   nM  PDBBind
ADPKd:  3300   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.03 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.183 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.185 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 70.595α = 90
b = 69.374β = 99.26
c = 82.328γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
CrystalCleardata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-08-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance