2WLW

Structure of the N-terminal capsid domain of HIV-2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.186 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.156 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Active Site Remodelling Switches HIV Specificity of Antiretroviral Trimcyp

Price, A.J.Marzetta, F.Lammers, M.Ylinen, L.M.J.Schaller, T.Wilson, S.J.Towers, G.J.James, L.C.

(2009) Nat Struct Mol Biol 16: 1036

  • DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.1667
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2WLW, 2WLV

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • TRIMCyps are primate antiretroviral proteins that potently inhibit HIV replication. Here we describe how rhesus macaque TRIMCyp (RhTC) has evolved to target and restrict HIV-2. We show that the ancestral cyclophilin A (CypA) domain of RhTC targets HIV-2 capsid with weak affinity, which is strongly increased in RhTC by two mutations (D66N and R69H) at the expense of HIV-1 binding ...

    TRIMCyps are primate antiretroviral proteins that potently inhibit HIV replication. Here we describe how rhesus macaque TRIMCyp (RhTC) has evolved to target and restrict HIV-2. We show that the ancestral cyclophilin A (CypA) domain of RhTC targets HIV-2 capsid with weak affinity, which is strongly increased in RhTC by two mutations (D66N and R69H) at the expense of HIV-1 binding. These mutations disrupt a constraining intramolecular interaction in CypA, triggering the complete restructuring (>16 A) of an active site loop. This new configuration discriminates between divergent HIV-1 and HIV-2 loop conformations mediated by capsid residue 88. Viral sensitivity to RhTC restriction can be conferred or abolished by mutating position 88. Furthermore, position 88 determines the susceptibility of naturally occurring HIV-1 sequences to restriction. Our results reveal the complex molecular, structural and thermodynamic changes that underlie the ongoing evolutionary race between virus and host.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Protein and Nucleic Acid Chemistry Division, Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PEPTIDYL-PROLYL CIS-TRANS ISOMERASE A165Macaca mulattaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PPIACYPA
EC: 5.2.1.8
Find proteins for P62940 (Macaca mulatta)
Explore P62940 
Go to UniProtKB:  P62940
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.186 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.156 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 35.88α = 90
b = 51.12β = 90
c = 75.18γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-09-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-06-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance