2HRE

Structure of human ferrochelatase variant E343K with protoporphyrin IX bound


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Substrate interactions with human ferrochelatase

Medlock, A.Swartz, L.Dailey, T.A.Dailey, H.A.Lanzilotta, W.N.

(2007) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104: 1789-1793

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0606144104
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2HRC, 2HRE

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Ferrochelatase, the terminal enzyme in heme biosynthesis, catalyzes the insertion of ferrous iron into protoporphyrin IX to form protoheme IX. Human ferrochelatase is a homodimeric, inner mitochondrial membrane-associated enzyme that possesses an essential [2Fe-2S] cluster ...

    Ferrochelatase, the terminal enzyme in heme biosynthesis, catalyzes the insertion of ferrous iron into protoporphyrin IX to form protoheme IX. Human ferrochelatase is a homodimeric, inner mitochondrial membrane-associated enzyme that possesses an essential [2Fe-2S] cluster. In this work, we report the crystal structure of human ferrochelatase with the substrate protoporphyrin IX bound as well as a higher resolution structure of the R115L variant without bound substrate. The data presented reveal that the porphyrin substrate is bound deep within an enclosed pocket. When compared with the location of N-methylmesoporphyrin in the Bacillus subtilis ferrochelatase, the porphyrin is rotated by approximately 100 degrees and is buried an additional 4.5 A deeper within the active site. The propionate groups of the substrate do not protrude into solvent and are bound in a manner similar to what has been observed in uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. Furthermore, in the substrate-bound form, the jaws of the active site mouth are closed so that the porphyrin substrate is completely engulfed in the pocket. These data provide insights that will aid in the determination of the mechanism for ferrochelatase.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Ferrochelatase ABCD359Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: FECH
EC: 4.99.1.1
Find proteins for P22830 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P22830 
Go to UniProtKB:  P22830
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P22830
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 61.952α = 102.41
b = 88.388β = 109.34
c = 93.253γ = 105.58
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-03-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance