2DQF

Crystal structure of hyhel-10 FV mutant (y33ay53a) complexed with hen egg lysozyme


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural consequences of mutations in interfacial Tyr residues of a protein antigen-antibody complex. The case of HyHEL-10-HEL

Shiroishi, M.Tsumoto, K.Tanaka, Y.Yokota, A.Nakanishi, T.Kondo, H.Kumagai, I.

(2007) J Biol Chem 282: 6783-6791

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M605197200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2DQF, 2DQE, 2DQD, 2DQC, 2DQJ, 2DQI, 2DQH, 2DQG

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Tyrosine is an important amino acid in protein-protein interaction hot spots. In particular, many Tyr residues are located in the antigen-binding sites of antibodies and endow high affinity and high specificity to these antibodies. To investigate the ...

    Tyrosine is an important amino acid in protein-protein interaction hot spots. In particular, many Tyr residues are located in the antigen-binding sites of antibodies and endow high affinity and high specificity to these antibodies. To investigate the role of interfacial Tyr residues in protein-protein interactions, we performed crystallographic studies and thermodynamic analyses of the interaction between hen egg lysozyme (HEL) and the anti-HEL antibody HyHEL-10 Fv fragment. HyHEL-10 has six Tyr residues in its antigen-binding site, which were systematically mutated to Phe and Ala using site-directed mutagenesis. The crystal structures revealed several critical roles for these Tyr residues in the interaction between HEL and HyHEL-10 as follows: 1) the aromatic ring of Tyr-50 in the light chain (LTyr-50) was important for the correct ternary structure of variable regions of the immunoglobulin light chain and heavy chain and of HEL; 2) deletion of the hydroxyl group of Tyr-50 in the heavy chain (HTyr-50) resulted in structural changes in the antigen-antibody interface; and 3) the side chains of HTyr-33 and HTyr-53 may help induce fitting of the antibody to the antigen. Hot spot Tyr residues may contribute to the high affinity and high specificity of the antigen-antibody interaction through a diverse set of structural and thermodynamic interactions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biomolecular Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Aoba-yama 6-6-11, Sendai 980-8579, Japan.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
lysozyme binding Ig kappa chain V23-J2 regionAD107Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Igkv5-39Gm1409
Find proteins for Q65ZI1 (Mus musculus)
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Go to UniProtKB:  Q65ZI1
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Ig VH,anti-lysozymeBE114Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P01823 (Mus musculus)
Explore P01823 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01823
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Lysozyme CCF129Gallus gallusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LYZ
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P00698 (Gallus gallus)
Explore P00698 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00698
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 98.922α = 90
b = 98.922β = 90
c = 147.211γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CCP4data scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-01-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance