1QQK

THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 7 (KERATINOCYTE GROWTH FACTOR)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.324 
  • R-Value Work: 0.233 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.242 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for interaction of FGF-1, FGF-2, and FGF-7 with different heparan sulfate motifs.

Ye, S.Luo, Y.Lu, W.Jones, R.B.Linhardt, R.J.Capila, I.Toida, T.Kan, M.Pelletier, H.McKeehan, W.L.

(2001) Biochemistry 40: 14429-14439

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi011000u
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1QQL, 1QQK

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Stromal cell-derived FGF-7 binds and activates only the resident FGFR2IIIb in epithelial cells while FGF-1 and FGF-2 exhibit a broader interaction with multiple isoforms of FGFR. Here we report the structure of FGF-7 that has been solved to 3.1 A res ...

    Stromal cell-derived FGF-7 binds and activates only the resident FGFR2IIIb in epithelial cells while FGF-1 and FGF-2 exhibit a broader interaction with multiple isoforms of FGFR. Here we report the structure of FGF-7 that has been solved to 3.1 A resolution by molecular replacement with the structure of a dual function chimera of FGF-7 and FGF-1 (FGF-7/1) which was resolved to 2.3 A. Comparison of the FGF-7 structure to that of FGF-1 and FGF-2 revealed the strongly conserved Calpha backbone among the three FGF polypeptides and the surface hydrophobic patch that forms the primary receptor-binding domain. In contrast, a decrease and dispersion of the positive surface charge density characterized the heparin-binding domain of FGF-7 defined by homology to that of FGF-1 and FGF-2 in complexes with heparin. A simple heparin hexasaccharide that cocrystallized with FGF-1 and FGF-2 and protected both against protease in solution failed to exhibit the same properties with FGF-7. In contrast to FGF-1 and FGF-2, protection of FGF-7 was enhanced by heparin oligosaccharides of increased length with those exhibiting a 3-O-sulfate being the most effective. Protection of FGF-7 required interaction with specifically the fraction of crude heparin retained on antithrombin affinity columns. Conversely, heparin enriched by affinity for immobilized FGF-7 exhibited anti-factor Xa activity similar to that purified on an antithrombin affinity matrix. In contrast, an FGF-1 affinity matrix enriched the fraction of crude heparin with low anti-factor Xa activity. The results provide a structural basis to suggest that the unique FGF-7 heparin-binding (HB) domain underlies a specific restriction in respect to composition and length of the heparan sulfate motif that may impact specificity of localization, stability, and trafficking of FGF-7 in the microenvironment, and formation and activation of the FGFR2IIIb kinase signaling complex in epithelial cells.


    Related Citations: 
    • The glycine box: a determinant of specificity for fibroblast growth factor
      Luo, Y., Lu, W., Mohamedali, K.A., Jang, J.H., Jones, R.B., Gabriel, J.L., Kan, M., McKeehan, W.L.
      (1998) Biochemistry 37: 16506
    • Human KGF is FGF-related with properties of a paracrine effector of epithelial cell growth.
      Finch, P.W., Rubin, J.S., Miki, T., Ron, D., Aaronson, S.A.
      (1989) Science 245: 752
    • Structure of a heparin-linked biologically active dimer of fibroblast growth factor.
      DiGabriele, A.D., Lax, I., Chen, D.I., Svahn, C.M., Jaye, M., Schlessinger, J., Hendrickson, W.A.
      (1998) Nature 393: 812
    • Heparin structure and interactions with basic fibroblast growth factor.
      Faham, S., Hileman, R.E., Fromm, J.R., Linhardt, R.J., Rees, D.C.
      (1996) Science 271: 1116

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 7AB140Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Fgf7Fgf-7Kgf
Find proteins for Q02195 (Rattus norvegicus)
Explore Q02195 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q02195
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.324 
  • R-Value Work: 0.233 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.242 
  • Space Group: I 41 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 169.1α = 90
b = 169.1β = 90
c = 62.6γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-01-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance