1PFO

PERFRINGOLYSIN O


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of a cholesterol-binding, thiol-activated cytolysin and a model of its membrane form.

Rossjohn, J.Feil, S.C.McKinstry, W.J.Tweten, R.K.Parker, M.W.

(1997) Cell 89: 685-692

  • DOI: 10.1016/s0092-8674(00)80251-2
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1PFO

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The mechanisms by which proteins gain entry into membranes is a fundamental problem in biology. Here, we present the first crystal structure of a thiol-activated cytolysin, perfringolysin O, a member of a large family of toxins that kill eukaryotic cells by punching holes in their membranes ...

    The mechanisms by which proteins gain entry into membranes is a fundamental problem in biology. Here, we present the first crystal structure of a thiol-activated cytolysin, perfringolysin O, a member of a large family of toxins that kill eukaryotic cells by punching holes in their membranes. The molecule adopts an unusually elongated shape rich in beta sheet. We have used electron microscopy data to construct a detailed model of the membrane channel form of the toxin. The structures reveal a novel mechanism for membrane insertion. Surprisingly, the toxin receptor, cholesterol, appears to play multiple roles: targeting, promotion of oligomerization, triggering a membrane insertion competent form, and stabilizing the membrane pore.


    Organizational Affiliation

    The Ian Potter Foundation Protein Crystallography Laboratory, St. Vincent's Institute of Medical Research, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PERFRINGOLYSIN O A500Clostridium perfringensMutation(s): 0 
Membrane protein
Mpstruc
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: BETA-BARREL
Sub Group: 
Adventitious Membrane Proteins: Beta-sheet Pore-forming Toxins/Attack Complexes
Protein: 
Perfringolysin O (PFO) protomer
Find proteins for P0C2E9 (Clostridium perfringens (strain 13 / Type A))
Explore P0C2E9 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0C2E9
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 46.987α = 90
b = 178.292β = 90
c = 174.207γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1998-08-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance