1ASY

CLASS II AMINOACYL TRANSFER RNA SYNTHETASES: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF YEAST ASPARTYL-TRNA SYNTHETASE COMPLEXED WITH TRNA ASP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.225 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.225 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Class II aminoacyl transfer RNA synthetases: crystal structure of yeast aspartyl-tRNA synthetase complexed with tRNA(Asp).

Ruff, M.Krishnaswamy, S.Boeglin, M.Poterszman, A.Mitschler, A.Podjarny, A.Rees, B.Thierry, J.C.Moras, D.

(1991) Science 252: 1682-1689

  • DOI: 10.1126/science.2047877
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1ASY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of the binary complex tRNA(Asp)-aspartyl tRNA synthetase from yeast was solved with the use of multiple isomorphous replacement to 3 angstrom resolution. The dimeric synthetase, a member of class II aminoacyl tRNA synthetases (a ...

    The crystal structure of the binary complex tRNA(Asp)-aspartyl tRNA synthetase from yeast was solved with the use of multiple isomorphous replacement to 3 angstrom resolution. The dimeric synthetase, a member of class II aminoacyl tRNA synthetases (aaRS's) exhibits the characteristic signature motifs conserved in eight aaRS's. These three sequence motifs are contained in the catalytic site domain, built around an antiparallel beta sheet, and flanked by three alpha helices that form the pocket in which adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the CCA end of tRNA bind. The tRNA(Asp) molecule approaches the synthetase from the variable loop side. The two major contact areas are with the acceptor end and the anticodon stem and loop. In both sites the protein interacts with the tRNA from the major groove side. The correlation between aaRS class II and the initial site of aminoacylation at 3'-OH can be explained by the structure. The molecular association leads to the following features: (i) the backbone of the GCCA single-stranded portion of the acceptor end exhibits a regular helical conformation; (ii) the loop between residues 320 and 342 in motif 2 interacts with the acceptor stem in the major groove and is in contact with the discriminator base G and the first base pair UA; and (iii) the anticodon loop undergoes a large conformational change in order to bind the protein. The conformation of the tRNA molecule in the complex is dictated more by the interaction with the protein than by its own sequence.


    Related Citations: 
    • The Active Site of Yeast Aspartyl-tRNA Synthetase: Structural and Functional Aspects of the Aminoacylation Reaction
      Cavarelli, J., Eriani, G., Rees, B., Ruff, M., Boeglin, M., Mitschler, A., Martin, F., Gangloff, J., Thierry, J.C., Moras, D.
      (1994) EMBO J 13: 327
    • Yeast Aspartyl-tRNA Synthetase: A Structural View of the Aminoacylation Reaction
      Cavarelli, J., Rees, B., Thierry, J.C., Moras, D.
      (1993) Biochimie 75: 1117
    • Yeast tRNA Asp Recognition by its Cognate Class II Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetase
      Cavarelli, J., Rees, B., Ruff, M., Thierry, J.C., Moras, D.
      (1993) Nature 362: 181

    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratoire de Cristallographie Biologique, Institut de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire du CNRS, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ASPARTYL-tRNA SYNTHETASEAB490Saccharomyces cerevisiaeMutation(s): 0 
EC: 6.1.1.12
Find proteins for P04802 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Explore P04802 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04802
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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(by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
T-RNA (75-MER)R, S75N/A
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.225 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.225 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 210.25α = 90
b = 146.17β = 90
c = 86.13γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
MARXDSdata reduction
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1995-05-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-22
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance