VIB

3-(4-AMINO-2-METHYL-PYRIMIDIN-5-YLMETHYL)-5-(2-HYDROXY-ETHYL)-4-METHYL-THIAZOL-3-IUM

VIB as a free ligand exists in 12 entries. Examples include: 4NYG 3LM8 3MYU

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Chemical Component Summary

Name3-(4-AMINO-2-METHYL-PYRIMIDIN-5-YLMETHYL)-5-(2-HYDROXY-ETHYL)-4-METHYL-THIAZOL-3-IUM
Identifiers2-[3-[(4-amino-2-methyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)methyl]-4-methyl-1,3-thiazol-3-ium-5-yl]ethanol
FormulaC12 H17 N4 O S
Molecular Weight265.36
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCc1c(CCO)sc[n+]1Cc1cnc(C)nc1N
InChIInChI=1S/C12H17N4OS/c1-8-11(3-4-17)18-7-16(8)6-10-5-14-9(2)15-12(10)13/h5,7,17H,3-4,6H2,1-2H3,(H2,13,14,15)/q+1
InChIKeyJZRWCGZRTZMZEH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge1
Atom Count35
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count36
Aromatic Bond Count11
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00152 Different stereochemistry
NameThiamine
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
  • vet_approved
DescriptionThiamine or thiamin, also known as vitamin B1, is a colorless compound with the chemical formula C12H17N4OS. It is soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. Thiamine decomposes if heated. Thiamine was first discovered by Umetaro Suzuki in Japan when researching how rice bran cured patients of Beriberi. Thiamine plays a key role in intracellular glucose metabolism and it is thought that thiamine inhibits the effect of glucose and insulin on arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation. Thiamine plays an important role in helping the body convert carbohydrates and fat into energy. It is essential for normal growth and development and helps to maintain proper functioning of the heart and the nervous and digestive systems. Thiamine cannot be stored in the body; however, once absorbed, the vitamin is concentrated in muscle tissue.
Synonyms
  • 3-(4-AMINO-2-methyl-pyrimidin-5-ylmethyl)-5-(2-hydroxy-ethyl)-4-methyl-thiazol-3-ium
  • Aneurin
  • Antiberiberi factor
  • Thiamin
  • Thiamine
Salts
  • Cocarboxylase
  • Thiamine Hydrochloride
  • Thiamine mononitrate
Brand Names
  • Acti-MN + B1 + C Caplet
  • Acti-thiamine Caplet 100mg
  • Active Fe
  • Alertonic
  • Allbee With C 550 Cap
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor the treatment of thiamine and niacin deficiency states, Korsakov's alcoholic psychosis, Wernicke-Korsakov syndrome, delirium, and peripheral neuritis.
PharmacologyThiamine is a vitamin with antioxidant, erythropoietic, cognition-and mood-modulatory, antiatherosclerotic, putative ergogenic, and detoxification activities. Thiamine has been found to protect against lead-induced lipid peroxidation in rat liver and kidney. Thiamine deficiency results in selective neuronal death in animal models. The neuronal death is associated with increased free radical production, suggesting that oxidative stress may play an important early role in brain damage associated with thiamine deficiency. Thiamine plays a key role in intracellular glucose metabolism and it is thought that thiamine inhibits the effect of glucose and insulin on arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation. Inhibition of endothelial cell proliferation may also promote atherosclerosis. Endothelial cells in culture have been found to have a decreased proliferative rate and delayed migration in response to hyperglycemic conditions. Thiamine has been shown to inhibit this effect of glucose on endothelial cells.
Mechanism of actionIt is thought that the mechanism of action of thiamine on endothelial cells is related to a reduction in intracellular protein glycation by redirecting the glycolytic flux. Thiamine is mainly the transport form of the vitamin, while the active forms are phosphorylated thiamine derivatives. There are five known natural thiamine phosphate derivatives: thiamine monophosphate (ThMP), thiamine diphosphate (ThDP), also sometimes called thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP), thiamine triphosphate (ThTP), and the recently discovered adenosine thiamine triphosphate (AThTP), and adenosine thiamine diphosphate. Each derivative has unique functions, however, most are involved as coenzymes.
Route of administration
  • Intramuscular
  • Intramuscular; Intravenous
  • Intravenous
  • Oral
Categories
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Azoles
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
  • Coenzymes
  • Diet, Food, and Nutrition
ATC-CodeA11DA01
AHFS-Code88:08.00
CAS number59-43-8
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682