Chemical Component Summary

FormulaC28 H22 F3 N7 O
Molecular Weight529.52
Isomeric SMILESCc1cn(cn1)-c1cc(NC(=O)c2ccc(C)c(Nc3nccc(n3)-c3cccnc3)c2)cc(c1)C(F)(F)F

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count61
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count65
Aromatic Bond Count31
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB04868 Different stereochemistry
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionNilotinib, also known as AMN107, is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor under investigation as a possible treatment for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). In June 2006, a Phase I clinical trial found nilotinib has a relatively favorable safety profile and shows activity in cases of CML resistant to treatment with imatinib (Gleevec®), another tyrosine kinase inhibitor currently used as a first-line treatment. [Wikipedia]
SaltsNilotinib hydrochloride monohydrate
Brand NamesTasigna
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor the potential treatment of various leukemias, including chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
PharmacologyNilotinib is a transduction inhibitor that targets BCR-ABL, c-kit and PDGF, for the potential treatment of various leukemias, including chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
Mechanism of actionChronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) is caused by the BCR-ABL oncogene. Nilotinib inhibits the tyrosine kinase activity of the BCR-ABL protein. Nilotinib fits into the ATP-binding site of the BCR-ABL protein with higher affinity than imatinib, over-riding resistance caused by mutations. The ability of AMN107 to inhibit TEL-platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta (TEL-PDGFRbeta), which causes chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia, and FIP1-like-1-PDGFRalpha, which causes hypereosinophilic syndrome, suggests potential use of AMN107 for myeloproliferative diseases characterised by these kinase fusions (Stover et al, 2005; Weisberg et al, 2005). AMN107 also inhibits the c-Kit receptor kinase, including the D816V-mutated variant of KIT, at pharmacologically achievable concentrations, supporting potential utility in the treatment of mastocytosis, and gastrointestinal stromal tumours (Weisberg et al, 2005; von Bubnoff et al, 2005; Gleixner et al, 2006).
Route of administrationOral
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents
  • BCRP/ABCG2 Inhibitors
  • BCRP/ABCG2 Substrates
  • Combined Inhibitors of CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein
CAS number641571-10-0
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682