DZP

7-CHLORO-1-METHYL-5-PHENYL-1,3-DIHYDRO-2H-1,4-BENZODIAZEPIN-2-ONE

DZP as a free ligand exists in 2 entries. Examples include: 6HUP 2BXF

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

Name7-CHLORO-1-METHYL-5-PHENYL-1,3-DIHYDRO-2H-1,4-BENZODIAZEPIN-2-ONE
Identifiers7-chloro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-3H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
FormulaC16 H13 Cl N2 O
Molecular Weight284.74
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCN1c2ccc(Cl)cc2C(=NCC1=O)c1ccccc1
InChIInChI=1S/C16H13ClN2O/c1-19-14-8-7-12(17)9-13(14)16(18-10-15(19)20)11-5-3-2-4-6-11/h2-9H,10H2,1H3
InChIKeyAAOVKJBEBIDNHE-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count33
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count35
Aromatic Bond Count12
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00829 Different stereochemistry
NameDiazepam
Groups
  • approved
  • illicit
  • vet_approved
DescriptionA benzodiazepine with anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, sedative, muscle relaxant, and amnesic properties and a long duration of action. Its actions are mediated by enhancement of gamma-aminobutyric acid activity. It is used in the treatment of severe anxiety disorders, as a hypnotic in the short-term management of insomnia, as a sedative and premedicant, as an anticonvulsant, and in the management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p589)
Synonyms
  • 7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
  • Diazepam
  • Methyl diazepinone
  • Valium
SaltsDiazepam hydrochloride
Brand Names
  • Apo Diazepam Tab 10mg
  • Apo Diazepam Tab 2mg
  • Apo Diazepam Tab 5mg
  • Bio-diazepam
  • Diastat
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationUsed in the treatment of severe anxiety disorders, as a hypnotic in the short-term management of insomnia, as a sedative and premedicant, as an anticonvulsant, and in the management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
PharmacologyDiazepam, a benzodiazepine, generates the same active metabolite as chlordiazepoxide and clorazepate. In animals, diazepam appears to act on parts of the limbic system, the thalamus and hypothalamus, and induces calming effects. Diazepam, unlike chlorpromazine and reserpine, has no demonstrable peripheral autonomic blocking action, nor does it produce extrapyramidal side effects; however, animals treated with diazepam do have a transient ataxia at higher doses. Diazepam was found to have transient cardiovascular depressor effects in dogs. Long-term experiments in rats revealed no disturbances of endocrine function. Injections into animals have produced localized irritation of tissue surrounding injection sites and some thickening of veins after intravenous use.
Mechanism of actionBenzodiazepines bind nonspecifically to benzodiazepine receptors which mediate sleep, affects muscle relaxation, anticonvulsant activity, motor coordination, and memory. As benzodiazepine receptors are thought to be coupled to gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA<sub>A</sub>) receptors, this enhances the effects of GABA by increasing GABA affinity for the GABA receptor. Binding of GABA to the site opens the chloride channel, resulting in a hyperpolarized cell membrane that prevents further excitation of the cell.
Route of administration
  • Intramuscular
  • Intramuscular; Intravenous
  • Oral
  • Rectal
Categories
  • Adjuvants, Anesthesia
  • Anesthetics
  • Anesthetics, General
  • Anesthetics, Intravenous
  • Anti-Anxiety Agents
ATC-CodeN05BA01
AHFS-Code28:24.08
CAS number439-14-5

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltaMDAPARLLAPLLLLCAQQLRGTRAMNDIGDYVGSNLEISWLPNLDGLIAG...yespotentiator
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltaMDAPARLLAPLLLLCAQQLRGTRAMNDIGDYVGSNLEISWLPNLDGLIAG...yespotentiator
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2MPYFTRLILFLFCLMVLVESRKPKRKRWTGQVEMPKPSHLYKKNLDVTKI...yespotentiator
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2MSSPNIWSTGSSVYSTPVFSQKMTVWILLLLSLYPGFTSQKSDDDYEDYA...yespotentiator
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2MSSPNIWSTGSSVYSTPVFSQKMTVWILLLLSLYPGFTSQKSDDDYEDYA...yespotentiator
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682