CL6

1-[(2-CHLOROPHENYL)(DIPHENYL)METHYL]-1H-IMIDAZOLE

CL6 as a free ligand exists in 4 entries. Examples include: 3MDV 4XE3 6H1T

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

Name1-[(2-CHLOROPHENYL)(DIPHENYL)METHYL]-1H-IMIDAZOLE
Identifiers1-[(2-chlorophenyl)-diphenyl-methyl]imidazole
FormulaC22 H17 Cl N2
Molecular Weight344.84
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESClc1ccccc1C(c1ccccc1)(c1ccccc1)n1ccnc1
InChIInChI=1S/C22H17ClN2/c23-21-14-8-7-13-20(21)22(25-16-15-24-17-25,18-9-3-1-4-10-18)19-11-5-2-6-12-19/h1-17H
InChIKeyVNFPBHJOKIVQEB-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count42
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count45
Aromatic Bond Count23
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00257 Different stereochemistry
NameClotrimazole
Groups
  • approved
  • vet_approved
DescriptionAn imidazole derivative with a broad spectrum of antimycotic activity. It inhibits biosynthesis of the sterol ergostol, an important component of fungal cell membranes. Its action leads to increased membrane permeability and apparent disruption of enzyme systems bound to the membrane. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • 1-((2-Chlorophenyl)diphenylmethyl)-1H-imidazole
  • 1-(alpha-(2-Chlorophenyl)benzhydryl)imidazole
  • 1-(O-Chloro-alpha,alpha-diphenylbenzyl)imidazole
  • 1-(o-Chloro-α,α-diphenylbenzyl)imidazole
  • 1-(o-Chlorotrityl)imidazole
Brand Names
  • Alevazol
  • Anti-fungal
  • Antifungal
  • Antifungal Foot
  • Aptrimazole 1.0% Antifungal Cream
Affected OrganismYeast and other fungi
IndicationFor the local treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis and vaginal yeast infections, also used in fungal infections of the skin such as ringworm, athlete's foot, and jock itch.
PharmacologyClotrimazole, an imidazole derivative with a broad spectrum of antimycotic activity, inhibits biosynthesis of the sterol ergostol, an important component of fungal cell membranes. Its action leads to increased membrane permeability and apparent disruption of enzyme systems bound to the membrane. Betamethasone and clotrimazole are used together to treat cutaneous tinea infections. In studies in fungal cultures, the minimum fungicidal concentration of clotrimazole caused leakage of intracellular phosphorous compounds into the ambient medium with concomitant breakdown of cellular nucleic acids, and accelerated potassium etflux. Both of these events began rapidly and extensively after addition of the drug to the cultures. The primary action of clotrimazole is against dividing and growing organisms.
Mechanism of actionClotrimazole interacts with yeast 14-α demethylase, a cytochrome P-450 enzyme that converts lanosterol to ergosterol, an essential component of the membrane. In this way, clotrimazole inhibits ergosterol synthesis, resulting in increased cellular permeability. Clotrimazole may also inhibit endogenous respiration, interact with membrane phospholipids, inhibit the transformation of yeasts to mycelial forms and the uptake of purine, impair triglyceride and/or phospholipid biosynthesis, and inhibit the movement of calcium and potassium ions across the cell membrane by blocking the ion transport pathway known as the Gardos channel.
Route of administration
  • Oral
  • Oral; Topical
  • Oral; Topical; Vaginal
  • Topical
  • Topical; Vaginal
Categories
  • 14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Antifungal Agents
ATC-Code
  • D01AC01
  • G01AF02
  • A01AB18
AHFS-Code84:04.08.08
CAS number23593-75-1
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682