AZ1

AZELAIC ACID

AZ1 in polymers: 3 entries. Examples include: 5J5X 5IZJ 5IZF

AZ1 as a free ligand exists in 1 entry. Examples include: 1TUF

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

NameAZELAIC ACID
Identifiersnonanedioic acid
FormulaC9 H16 O4
Molecular Weight188.22
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)CCCCCCCC(O)=O
InChIInChI=1S/C9H16O4/c10-8(11)6-4-2-1-3-5-7-9(12)13/h1-7H2,(H,10,11)(H,12,13)
InChIKeyBDJRBEYXGGNYIS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count29
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count28
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00548 Different stereochemistry
NameAzelaic Acid
Groupsapproved
DescriptionAzelaic acid is a saturated dicarboxylic acid found naturally in wheat, rye, and barley. It is a natural substance that is produced by Malassezia furfur (also known as Pityrosporum ovale), a yeast that lives on normal skin. It is effective against a number of skin conditions, such as mild to moderate acne, when applied topically in a cream formulation of 20%. It works in part by stopping the growth of skin bacteria that cause acne, and by keeping skin pores clear. Azelaic acid's antimicrobial action may be attributable to inhibition of microbial cellular protein synthesis.
Synonyms
  • 1,7-Dicarboxyheptane
  • 1,7-Heptanedicarboxylic acid
  • 1,9-Nonanedioic acid
  • Acide azélaïque
  • Ácido azelaico
Brand Names
  • Azelaic Acid
  • Azelex
  • Elcure Ac-lex Serum
  • Finacea
  • Finacea Foam
Affected OrganismVarious aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms
IndicationFor the topical treatment of mild-to-moderate inflammatory acne vulgaris.
PharmacologyAzelaic acid is a saturated dicarboxylic acid found naturally in wheat, rye, and barley. It is a natural substance that is produced by <i>Malassezia furfur</i> (also known as <i>Pityrosporum ovale</i>), a yeast that lives on normal skin. It is effective against a number of skin conditions, such as mild to moderate acne, when applied topically in a cream formulation of 20%. It works in part by stopping the growth of skin bacteria that cause acne, and by keeping skin pores clear. Azelaic acid's antimicrobial action may be attributable to inhibition of microbial cellular protein synthesis.
Mechanism of actionThe exact mechanism of action of azelaic acid is not known. It is thought that azelaic acid manifests its antibacterial effects by inhibiting the synthesis of cellular protein in anaerobic and aerobic bacteria, especially <i>Staphylococcus epidermidis</i> and <i>Propionibacterium acnes</i>. In aerobic bacteria, azelaic acid reversibly inhibits several oxidoreductive enzymes including tyrosinase, mitochondrial enzymes of the respiratory chain, thioredoxin reductase, 5-alpha-reductase, and DNA polymerases. In anaerobic bacteria, azelaic acid impedes glycolysis. Along with these actions, azelaic acid also improves acne vulgaris by normalizing the keratin process and decreasing microcomedo formation. Azelaic acid may be effective against both inflamed and noninflamed lesions. Specifically, azelaic acid reduces the thickness of the stratum corneum, shrinks keratohyalin granules by reducing the amount and distribution of filaggrin (a component of keratohyalin) in epidermal layers, and lowers the number of keratohyalin granules.
Route of administration
  • Cutaneous
  • Oral
  • Topical
Categories
  • Acids, Acyclic
  • Anti-Acne Preparations
  • Anti-Acne Preparations for Topical Use
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Carboxylic Acids
ATC-CodeD10AX03
CAS number123-99-9
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682